आर्मीनिया

भोजपुरी विकिपीडिया से
इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं

निर्देशांक: 40°N 45°E / 40°N 45°E / 40; 45

आर्मीनिया रिपब्लिक
Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն
Hayastani Hanrapetut’yun
झंडा Coat of arms
राष्ट्रगान: 
Մեր Հայրենիք
Mer Hayrenik
"Our Fatherland"
राजधानी
and largest city
येरेवन
40°11′N 44°31′E / 40.183°N 44.517°E / 40.183; 44.517
ऑफिशियल भाषा आर्मीनियाई[1]
Official written language Eastern Armenian[2][3]
Official script Armenian alphabeta
नृजातीय समूह (0.4em)
धरम Armenian Apostolic Church
लोग के नाँव आर्मीनियाई
सरकार Unitary semi-presidential republic[4]
 •  President Serzh Sargsyan
 •  Prime Minister Hovik Abrahamyan
बिधायी संस्था National Assembly
निर्माण आ स्वतंत्रता
 •  Traditional date 2492 BCE 
 •  Hayasa-Azzi 1500–1290 BCE 
 •  Arme-Shupria[5][6] 14th century–1190 BCE 
 •  Urartu[7] 860–590 BCE 
 •  Orontid Dynasty 6th century BCE 
 •  Kingdom of Greater
Armenia
united under
the Artaxiad Dynasty[8]
190 BCE[9] 
 •  Arsacid Dynasty 52–428 
 •  Bagratid Armenia 885–1045 
 •  Kingdom of Cilicia 1198–1375 
 •  First Republic of Armenia declared
28 मई 1918 
 •  Independence from the Soviet Union 23 August 1990b
21 September 1991c
 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 29,743 कि॰मी॰ (141st)
11,484 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 4.71[10]
जनसंख्या
 •  2011 जनगणना Increase 3,018,854[11][12] (134th)
 •  घनत्व 101.5/कि॰मी॰ (99th)
262.9/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2013 अनुमान
 •  Total $20.831 billion[13]
 •  Per capita $6,128[13]
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2013 estimate
 •  Total $10.325 billion[13]
 •  Per capita $3,037[13]
गिनी (2008) 30.9[14]
medium
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2014) Increase 0.733[15]
high · 85th
करेंसी Dram (դր.) (AMD)
टाइम जोन UTC (UTC+4)
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +374
Patron saint St. Gregory
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰ .am .հայ
a. Reformed orthography.[16]
b. Declared.
c. Referendum.

आर्मीनिया (अंग्रेजी: Armenia) यूरोपएशिया के मिलन वाला इलाका में एगो देस बाटे। एकर राजधानी येरेवन शहर हवे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. "The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia (with amendments)"; Constitutional Court of the Republic of Armenia; 5 July 1995; पहुँचतिथी 14 October 2012. 
  2. Campbell, George L.; King, Gareth (2013); Compendium of the World's Languages (3rd संस्करण); New York: Routledge; p. 115; ISBN 9781136258466; ...Eastern Armenian is the written and spoken language of the Republic of Armenia. 
  3. Dalby, Andrew (1998); Dictionary of Languages: The Definitive Reference to More Than 400 Languages; New York: Columbia University Press; p. 36; ISBN 9780231115681; ...Eastern Armenian of the Present Republic of Armenia... 
  4. "National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia - Official Web Site - parliament.am". 
  5. Lang, David Marshall. Armenia: Cradle of Civilization. London: Allen and Unwin, 1970, p. 114. ISBN 0-04-956007-7.
  6. Redgate, Anna Elizabeth. The Armenians. Cornwall: Blackwell, 1998, pp. 16–19, 23, 25, 26 (map), 30–32, 38, 43 ISBN 0-631-22037-2.
  7. Redgate, A. E. (2000); The Armenians (Reprint संस्करण); Oxford: Blackwell; p. 5; ISBN 0631220372; However, the most easily identifiable ancestors of the later Armenian nation are the Urartians. 
  8. de Laet, Sigfried J.; Herrmann, Joachim, संपा॰ लोग (1996); History of Humanity: From the seventh century B.C. to the seventh century A.D. (1st संस्करण); London: Routledge; p. 128; ISBN 9789231028120; The ruler of the part known as Greater Armenia, Artaxias (Artashes), the founder of a new dynasty, managed to unite the country... 
  9. Encyclopedia Americana: Ankara to Azusa; Scholastic Library Publishing; 2005; p. 393; It was named for Artaxias, a general of Antiochus the Great, who founded the kingdom of Armenia about 190 B.C. 
  10. "The World Fact Book – Armenia"; Central Intelligence Agency; ओरिजिनल से पुरालेखित 19 July 2010 के; पहुँचतिथी 2010-07-17. 
  11. "Statistical Service of Armenia"; Armstat; पहुँचतिथी 20 फरवरी 2014. 
  12. "Armenia Population"; countrymeters.info. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 "Armenia"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 2013-07-19. 
  14. "Distribution of family income – Gini index"; The World Factbook; CIA; पहुँचतिथी 2009-09-01. 
  15. "Human Development Report 2015"; United Nations; 2015; पहुँचतिथी 14 December 2015. 
  16. Dum-Tragut, Jasmine (2009); Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian; Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing; p. 12; ISBN 9789027238146; The orthography used in Armenia nowadays goes back to the Soviet orthography reform of 1922 and its revision of 1940. 

टेम्पलेट:यूरोप के देश