पोलैंड

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Republic of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska
झंडा Coat of arms
राष्ट्रगान: Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
Poland Is Not Yet Lost
Location of  पोलैंड  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  पोलैंड  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

राजधानी
and largest city
Insigne Varsoviae.svg Warsaw
52°13′N 21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Official language Polish[1]
Regional language Kashubian
नृजातीय समूह (2011[2])
लोग के नाँव
सरकार Parliamentary republic
 •  President Bronisław Komorowski
 •  Prime Minister Donald Tusk
बिधायी संस्था National Assembly
 •  ऊपरी सदन Senate
 •  निचला सदन Sejm
Formation
 •  Christianisation[[#endnote_b{{{3}}}|[b]]] 14 अप्रैल 966 
 •  Kingdom of Poland 18 अप्रैल 1025 
 •  Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1 July 1569 
 •  Partition of Poland 24 October 1795 
 •  Duchy of Warsaw 22 July 1807 
 •  Congress Poland 9 June 1815 
 •  Reconstitution of Poland 11 November 1918 
 •  Invasion of Poland, World War II 1 September 1939 
 •  Communist Poland 8 अप्रैल 1945 
 •  Republic of Poland 13 September 1989 
 •  Joined the European Union 1 मई 2004 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 312,679 किमी2[[#endnote_a{{{3}}}|[a]]] (71st)
120,696.41 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 3.07
जनसंख्या
 •  2010 अनुमान 38,186,860[3] (34th)
 •  31 मार्च 2014 जनगणना 38,485,779[4]
 •  घनत्व 123/कि॰मी॰ (83rd)
319.9/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2013 अनुमान
 •  Total $813.988 billion[5] (21st)
 •  Per capita $21,118[5] (49th)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2013 estimate
 •  Total $513,934 billion[5] (23rd)
 •  Per capita $13,334[5] (54th)
गिनी (2012)  30.9[6]
medium
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2013) 0.834[7]
very high · 35th
करेंसी Złoty (PLN)
टाइम जोन CET (UTC+1)
 •  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड 48
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰ .pl
a. ^a The area of Poland, as given by the Central Statistical Office, is 312,679 किमी2 (120,726 वर्ग मील), of which 311,888 किमी2 (120,421 वर्ग मील) is land and 791 किमी2 (305 वर्ग मील) is internal water surface area.[8]
b. ^b The adoption of Christianity in Poland is seen by many Poles, regardless of their religious affiliation or lack thereof, as one of the most significant events in their country's history, as it was used to unify the tribes in the region.[9]

पोलैंड यूरोप क एगो देस हवे। एकर राजधानी वारसा हवे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Constitution of the Republic of Poland, Article 27.
  2. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named GUS
  3. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named GUS_.E2.80.93_Population_as_of_30.06.2010
  4. [1]
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named imf2
  6. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)"; Eurostat Data Explorer; पहुँचतिथी 13 August 2013. 
  7. "2014 Human Development Report Summary"; United Nations Development Programme; 2014; pp. 21–25; पहुँचतिथी 27 July 2014. 
  8. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named CSO_2008
  9. Disruptive Religion: The Force of Faith in Social-movement Activism; Books.google.com; पहुँचतिथी 9 September 2013.