इस्टोनिया

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इस्टोनिया गणराज्य
Eesti Vabariik
इस्टोनिया के झंडा
झंडा
इस्टोनिया के निशान
निशान
राष्ट्रगान: 
Location of  इस्टोनिया  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  इस्टोनिया  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

इस्टोनिया के लोकेशन
राजधानी
आ सभसे बड़ शहर
Tallinn
ऑफिशियल भाषा Estoniana
मान्यताप्राप्त क्षेत्रीय भाषा
नृजातीय समूह (2014[1])
निवासी नाँव Estonian
सरकार Parliamentary republic
Toomas Hendrik Ilves
Taavi Rõivas
बिधायिका Riigikogu
Independence
12 अप्रैल 1917
24 फरवरी 1918
2 फरवरी 1920
1940–1991
20 August 1991
1 मई 2004
रकबा
• कुल
45,227 किमी2 (17,462 वर्ग मील) (132ndd)
• जल (%)
4.45%
जनसंख्या
• 2014 अनुमान
1,315,819[2] (154th)
• 2011 जनगणना
1,294,486[3]
• Density
29/किमी2 (75.1/वर्ग मील) (181st)
जीडीपी (पीपीपी) 2014 अनुमान
• कुल
$29.944 billion[4]
• प्रति ब्यक्ति
$23,213[4] (47)
जीडीपी (नॉमिनल) 2014 अनुमान
• कुल
$24.284 billion[4]
• Per capita
$20,179[4] (41)
गिनी (2012) Negative increase 32.5[5]
medium
एचडीआइ (2013) Steady 0.840[6]
very high · 33rd
करेंसी Euro ()e (EUR)
टाइम जोन EET (यूटीसी+2)
• गर्मीं में (डीएसटी)
EEST (यूटीसी+3)
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +372
इंटरनेट टीएलडी .eef
  1. According to the Constitution, Estonian is the sole official language.[7] In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
  2. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[8]
  3. SDE member but nonpartisan while in office.
  4. 47,549 किमी2 (5.11813176404×1011 वर्ग फु) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today, the remaining 2,323 किमी2 (2.5004563898×1010 वर्ग फु) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[9] Pechory remains under Russian control.
  5. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
  6. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

इस्टोनिया (अंगरेजी: Estonia) यूरोप में एगो देस बाटे। एकर राजधानी टालिन हवे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. "Population and housing census – Population and Housing Census 2011 – Preliminary data"; Database Update 17; Statistics Estonia; पहुँचतिथी 16 जनवरी 2013. 
  2. "Statistics Estonia"; Stat.ee; 1 जनवरी 2014. 
  3. "PHC 2011 RESULTS"; Statistics Estonia; पहुँचतिथी 16 जनवरी 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 *अप्रैल 2014 Edition, Gross Domestic Product per capita, current prices, U.S. dollars.
  5. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)"; Eurostat Data Explorer; पहुँचतिथी 5 जनवरी 2014. 
  6. "2014 Human Development Report Summary"; United Nations Development Programme; 2014; pp. 21–25; पहुँचतिथी 27 July 2014. 
  7. Constitution of the Republic of Estonia, 6th article
  8. Võrokesed ees, setod järel. postimees.ee (13 July 2012).
  9. Territorial changes of the Baltic states Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II