इस्टोनिया

भोजपुरी विकिपीडिया से
इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
इस्टोनिया गणराज्य
Eesti Vabariik
झंडा Coat of arms
राष्ट्रगान: 
Location of  इस्टोनिया  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  इस्टोनिया  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

राजधानी
and largest city
Tallinn
59°25′N 24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
ऑफिशियल भाषा Estoniana
मान्यताप्राप्त क्षेत्रीय भाषा
नृजातीय समूह (2014[1])
लोग के नाँव Estonian
सरकार Parliamentary republic
 •  President Toomas Hendrik Ilves
 •  Prime Minister Taavi Rõivas
बिधायी संस्था Riigikogu
Independence
 •  Autonomy declared 12 अप्रैल 1917 
 •  Independence declared
then recognised
24 फरवरी 1918
2 फरवरी 1920 
 •  Foreign occupation 1940–1991 
 •  Independence restored 20 August 1991 
 •  Joined the European Union 1 मई 2004 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 45,227 कि॰मी॰ (132ndd)
17,413 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 4.45%
जनसंख्या
 •  2014 अनुमान 1,315,819[2] (154th)
 •  2011 जनगणना 1,294,486[3]
 •  घनत्व 29/कि॰मी॰ (181st)
75/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2014 अनुमान
 •  Total $29.944 billion[4]
 •  Per capita $23,213[4] (47)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2014 estimate
 •  Total $24.284 billion[4]
 •  Per capita $20,179[4] (41)
गिनी (2012) Negative increase 32.5[5]
medium
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2013) Steady 0.840[6]
very high · 33rd
करेंसी Euro ()e (EUR)
टाइम जोन EET (UTC+2)
 •  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +372
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰ .eef
a. According to the Constitution, Estonian is the sole official language.[7] In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is still unofficially spoken in Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn, due to the Soviet Union's program promoting mass immigration of urban industrial workers during the post-war period.
b. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[8]
c. SDE member but nonpartisan while in office.
d. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Russia. Today, the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are still occupied and part of Russia. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas behind the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[9] Pechory remains under Russian control.
e. Estonian kroon (EEK) before 2011.
f. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

इस्टोनिया (अंग्रेजी: Estonia) यूरोप में एगो देस बाटे। एकर राजधानी टालिन हवे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. "Population and housing census – Population and Housing Census 2011 – Preliminary data"; Database Update 17; Statistics Estonia; पहुँचतिथी 16 जनवरी 2013. 
  2. "Statistics Estonia"; Stat.ee; 1 जनवरी 2014. 
  3. "PHC 2011 RESULTS"; Statistics Estonia; पहुँचतिथी 16 जनवरी 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 *अप्रैल 2014 Edition, Gross Domestic Product per capita, current prices, U.S. dollars.
  5. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)"; Eurostat Data Explorer; पहुँचतिथी 5 जनवरी 2014. 
  6. "2014 Human Development Report Summary"; United Nations Development Programme; 2014; pp. 21–25; पहुँचतिथी 27 July 2014. 
  7. Constitution of the Republic of Estonia, 6th article
  8. Võrokesed ees, setod järel. postimees.ee (13 July 2012).
  9. Territorial changes of the Baltic states Soviet territorial changes against Estonia after World War II