यूरोपियन यूनियन

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नीला बैकग्राउंड में 12 गो सितारा के वृत्त
झंडा
राष्ट्रगान: "Ode to Joy" (orchestral)[2]
 यूरोपियन यूनियन Bulgarian: Европейски съюзCroatian: Europska unijaCzech: Evropská unieDanish: Den Europæiske UnionDutch: Europese UnieEstonian: Euroopa LiitFinnish: Euroopan unioniFrench: Union européenneGerman: Europäische UnionGreek: Ευρωπαϊκή ΈνωσηHungarian: Európai UnióIrish: An tAontas EorpachItalian: Unione europeaLatvian: Eiropas SavienībaLithuanian: Europos SąjungaMaltese: Unjoni EwropeaPolish: Unia EuropejskaPortuguese: União EuropeiaRomanian: Uniunea EuropeanăSlovak: Európska úniaSlovene: Evropska unijaSpanish: Unión EuropeaSwedish: Europeiska unionen     के लोकेशन
राजधानी ब्रसेल्स (de facto)[4]
सभसे बड़ शहर लंदन and Parisa
ऑफिशियल भाषा
निवासी नाँव European[5]
प्रकार राजनीतिक-आर्थिक यूनियन
सदस्य
नेता
en:Jean-Claude Juncker
en:Donald Tusk
en:Martin Schulz
बिधायिका Council of the EU
en:European Parliament
Formation[6]
1 जनवरी 1958
1 November 1993
रकबा
• कुल
4,475,757 किमी2 (1,728,099 वर्ग मील) (7वाँ)
• जल (%)
3.08
जनसंख्या
• 2017 अनुमान
511,805,088[7]
• 2013[नोट 1] जनगणना
505,163,008[7]
• Density
116.8/किमी2 (302.5/वर्ग मील)
जीडीपी (पीपीपी) 2018 अनुमान
• कुल
$21.7 trillion[8] (2nd)
• प्रति ब्यक्ति
$42,459[8]
जीडीपी (नॉमिनल) 2018 अनुमान
• कुल
$18.4 trillion[8] (2nd)
• Per capita
$35,939[9]
गिनी (2016)  30.8[10]
medium
एचडीआइ (2015) Increase 0.874[नोट 2]
very high
करेंसी यूरो (EUR; ; यूरोजोन)
टाइम जोन WET (UTC)c
CET (UTC+1)
EET (UTC+2)
• गर्मीं में (डीएसटी)
WEST (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2)
EEST (यूटीसी+3)
इंटरनेट टीएलडी .eu[नोट 3]
वेबसाइट
europa.eu
  1. ^ London and Paris are the largest cities in the European Union by urban population.[12]
  2. ^ Ranked as a combined single entity.
  3. ^ Not including outermost regions.

यूरोपियन यूनियन (अंगरेजी: European Union) एक ठो राजनीतिक-आर्थिक यूनियन बाटे जवना के 28 सदस्य देस मुख्य रूप से यूरोप से बाड़ें।[13][14] यूरोपियन यूनियन के कुल क्षेत्रफल 4,324,782 किमी2 (1,669,808 वर्ग मील) बा आ अनुमानित जनसंख्या 508 मिलियन (50.8 करोड़) बाटे।

नोट[संपादन]

  1. Last year before break in time series.
  2. Calculated using UNDP data for the member states with weighted population.[11]
  3. .eu is representative of the whole of the EU; member states also have their own TLDs.

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Barnard, p. 447.
  2. 2.0 2.1 उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named EU-Symbols
  3. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Legislative Observatory
  4. Cybriwsky, Roman Adrian (2013); Capital Cities around the World: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of Geography, History, and Culture; ABC-CLIO; Brussels, the capital of Belgium, is considered to be the de facto capital of the EU 
  5. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named OED
  6. Current Article 1 of the Treaty on European Union reads:"The Union shall be founded on the present Treaty and on the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Those two Treaties shall have the same legal value. The Union shall replace and succeed the en:European Community".
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Eurostat – Population on 1 January 2017"; European Commission; पहुँचतिथी 14 July 2017. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "IMF World Economic Outlook Database, October 2017"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 22 December 2016. 
  9. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named imf
  10. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)"; Eurostat Data Explorer; पहुँचतिथी 12 February 2017. 
  11. "Human Development Report 2016 Summary"; The United Nations; पहुँचतिथी 19 March 2018.  Unknown parameter |df= ignored (help)
  12. UN DESA 2015 urban population: London: 10,313,307; Paris: 10,843,285.
  13. "Basic information on the European Union"; European Union; europa.eu; पहुँचतिथी 4 October 2012. 
  14. "European"; Oxford English Dictionary; पहुँचतिथी 3 October 2011; 5 b. spec. Designating a developing series of economic and political unions between certain countries of Europe from 1952 onwards, as European Economic Community, European Community, European Union