पुर्तगाल

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Republic of Portugal
झंडा Coat of arms
राष्ट्रगान: A Portuguesa  (Portuguese)
"The Portuguese"
Location of  पुर्तगाल  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  पुर्तगाल  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

राजधानी
and largest city
Insigne Olipsionis.svg Lisbon
38°46′N 9°9′W / 38.767°N 9.150°W / 38.767; -9.150
ऑफिशियल भाषा Portuguese
मान्यताप्राप्त क्षेत्रीय भाषा Mirandesea
नृजातीय समूह (2011)
लोग के नाँव Portuguese
सरकार Unitary semi-presidential
constitutional republic
[1][2][3][4]
 •  President Aníbal Cavaco Silva
 •  Assembly President Assunção Esteves
 •  Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho
बिधायी संस्था Assembly of the Republic
Formation
 •  Foundation 868 
 •  Re-founding 1095 
 •  Sovereignty 24 June 1128 
 •  Kingdom 26 July 1139 
 •  Recognized 5 October 1143 
 •  Papal recognition 23 मई 1179 
 •  Restored 1 December 1640 
 •  Republic 5 October 1910 
 •  Redemocratization 25 अप्रैल 1974 
 •  Current constitutionc 25 अप्रैल 1976 
 •  Joined the EEC (now the
European Union)
1 जनवरी 1986 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 92,212[5] किमी2 (111th)
35,603 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 0.5
जनसंख्या
 •  2014 अनुमान 10,427,301[6] (83rd)
 •  2011 जनगणना 10,562,178[7]
 •  घनत्व 115/कि॰मी॰ (97th)
298/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2014 अनुमान
 •  Total $251.451 billion[8] (51st)
 •  Per capita $23,671[8] (46th)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2014 estimate
 •  Total $231.214 billion[8] (47th)
 •  Per capita $21,765[8] (38th)
गिनी (2011) 34.2[9]
medium
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2013) Steady 0.822[10]
very high · 41st
करेंसी Euro ()b (EUR)
टाइम जोन WET (UTC+0)
 •  Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
Note that the Azores are in a different time zone.
तारीख रूप
  • dd/mm/yyyy
  • dd-mm-yyyy
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +351
Patron saint St Anthony of Padua
Saint George
Immaculate Conception
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰ .pt
a. Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro), awarding it an official right-of-use.[11]
Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized.
b. Before 1999, the escudo.
c. Constitution had a recent minor revision in 2005.

पुर्तगाल यूरोप क एगो देस हवे। एकर राजधानी लिस्बन हवे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. "Constituição da República Portuguesa - D.R.E. (Constitution of the Portuguese Republic)" (पुर्तगाली मे); Diário da República Electrónico; 2 अप्रैल 1976; पहुँचतिथी 16 August 2013. 
  2. Blanco de Morais, Carlos (2011); A Constituição Revista — Parte III Constituição da República Portuguesa: Semipresidencialismo "on probation?" (पुर्तगाली मे); Lisboa, Portugal: Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos; pp. 65–71; ISBN 978-989-8424-28-0; पहुँचतिथी 16 August 2013. 
  3. Araújo, António; Blanco de Morais, Carlos; Campos e Cunha, Luís; M. Cardoso da Costa, José Manuel; Costa Lobo, Marina; Duarte, David; Duarte, Tiago; Freire, André; Garoupa, Nuno; Gonçalves, Maria Eduarda; Lomba, Pedro; Magalhães, Pedro; Nogueira de Brito, Miguel; Pita Barros, Pedro; Sousa, Luís de; Tavares, José A.; Vasconcelos Vilaça, Guilherme; Veiga, Francisco José; Vieira de Andrade, José Carlos (2011); Garoupa, Nuno; Magalhães, Pedro; Poiares Maduro, Miguel; Tavares, José A., संपा॰ लोग; A Constituição Revista (पुर्तगाली मे); Lisboa, Portugal: Fundação Francisco Manuel dos Santos; p. 143; ISBN 978-989-8424-28-0; पहुँचतिथी 16 August 2013. 
  4. Veser, Ernst (1997); Semi-Presidentialism-Duverger's Concept — A New Political System Model (अंग्रेज़ी मे); Department of Education, School of Education, University of Cologne; pp. 39–60; पहुँचतिथी 20 August 2013. 
  5. (Portuguese) Público, "Portugal tem 92.212 quilómetros quadrados, por enquanto..."[मुर्दा कड़ी]. Accessed on 2 July 2012.
  6. (Portuguese) [1]. Accessed on 17 June 2014.
  7. (Portuguese) Portugal. Censos 2011 (ine.pt)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Portugal"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी अप्रैल 2014.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  9. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)"; Eurostat Data Explorer; पहुँचतिथी 13 August 2013. 
  10. "2014 Human Development Report Summary"; United Nations Development Programme; 2014; pp. 21–25; पहुँचतिथी 27 July 2014. 
  11. The Euromosaic study, Mirandese in Portugal, europa.eu – European Commission website. Retrieved जनवरी 2007. Link updated December 2011