रूस

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Russian Federation
Российская Федерация
Rossiyskaya Federatsiya
झंडा Coat of arms
राष्ट्रगान: 
"Государственный гимн Российской Федерации"
"Gosudarstvennyy gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii"  (transliteration)
"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"
Russia proper (dark green) Disputed Crimean peninsula (internationally viewed as territory of Ukraine, but de facto administered by Russia) (light green)[1]
Russia proper (dark green)
Disputed Crimean peninsula (internationally viewed as territory of Ukraine, but de facto administered by Russia) (light green)[1]
राजधानी
and largest city
Coat of Arms of Moscow.svg Moscow
55°45′N 37°37′E / 55.750°N 37.617°E / 55.750; 37.617
ऑफिशियल भाषा Russian
मान्यताप्राप्त भाषा 27 other languages co-official in various regions
नृजातीय समूह (2010[2])
लोग के नाँव Russians (Rossiyane)
सरकार Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
 •  President Vladimir Putin
 •  Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev
 •  Chairman of the Federation Council Valentina Matviyenko
 •  Chairman of the State Duma Sergey Naryshkin
बिधायी संस्था Federal Assembly
 •  ऊपरी सदन Federation Council
 •  निचला सदन State Duma
Formation
 •  Arrival of Rurik, considered as a foundation event by the Russian authorities[3] 862 
 •  Kievan Rus' 882 
 •  Grand Duchy of Moscow 1283 
 •  Tsardom of Russia 16 जनवरी 1547 
 •  Russian Empire 22 October 1721 
 •  Russian SFSR 6 November 1917 
 •  Soviet Union 10 December 1922 
 •  Russian Federation 25 December 1991 
 •  Adoption of the current Constitution of Russia 12 December 1993 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 17,098,242 (Crimea not included) कि॰मी॰ (1st)
6,592,800 (Crimea not included) वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 13[4] (including swamps)
जनसंख्या
 •  2014 अनुमान 143,800,000[5] (not including Crimea and Sevastopol) (9th)
 •  घनत्व 8.4/कि॰मी॰ (217th)
21.5/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2014 अनुमान
 •  Total $2.630 trillion[6] (6th)
 •  Per capita $18,408[6] (58th)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2014 estimate
 •  Total $2.092 trillion[6] (9th)
 •  Per capita $14,645[6] (51st)
गिनी (2011) 41.7[7]
medium · 83rd
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2013) Steady 0.778[8]
high · 57th
करेंसी Russian ruble (RUB)
टाइम जोन (UTC+3 to +12a)
तारीख रूप dd.mm.yyyy
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +7
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰
a. Excluding +5.

रूस यूरोप क एगो देस हवे। एकर राजधानी मास्को हवे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Taylor, Adam; "Crimea has joined the ranks of the world's 'gray areas.' Here are the others on that list."; The Washington Post; पहुँचतिथी 27 मार्च 2014. 
  2. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named perepis-2010.ru
  3. Указ Президента РФ "О праздновании 1150-летия зарождения российской государственности" (Russian)
  4. "The Russian federation: general characteristics"; Federal State Statistics Service; ओरिजिनल से 28 July 2011 के पुरालेखित; पहुँचतिथी 5 अप्रैल 2008. 
  5. http://www.gks.ru/bgd/free/B14_00/IssWWW.exe/Stg//%3Cextid%3E/%3Cstoragepath%3E::%7Cdk06/8-0.doc
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Russia"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 30 जून 2014. 
  7. "Distribution of family income – Gini index"; The World Factbook; CIA; पहुँचतिथी 5 जनवरी 2014. 
  8. "2014 Human Development Report Summary"; United Nations Development Programme; 2014; pp. 21–25; पहुँचतिथी 27 July 2014.