रोमानिया

भोजपुरी विकिपीडिया से
इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Romania
România
झंडा Coat of arms
राष्ट्रगान: Deșteaptă-te, române!
Awaken thee, Romanian!
Location of Romania (dark green):   on the European continent   in the European Union
Location of Romania (dark green):
  on the European continent
  in the European Union
राजधानी
and largest city
ROU Bucharest CoA1.svg Bucharest
44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
ऑफिशियल भाषा Romanian[1]
नृजातीय समूह (2011[2])
लोग के नाँव Romanian
सरकार Unitary semi-presidential
republic
 •  President Traian Băsescu
 •  Prime Minister Victor Ponta
 •  President of the Senate Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
 •  President of the Chamber of Deputies Valeriu Zgonea
बिधायी संस्था Parliament
 •  ऊपरी सदन Senate
 •  निचला सदन Chamber of Deputies
Formation
 •  United Principalitiesa 24 जनवरी 1859 
 •  Independence from
the Ottoman Empire
1877 / 1878b 
 •  Kingdom of Romania 14 मार्च 1881 
 •  Great Unionc 1 December 1918 
 •  Proclamation of the Romanian People's Republic 30 December 1947 
 •  Romanian Revolution 16–27 December 1989 
 •  Current republic 21 November 1991 
 •  Accession to the European Union 1 जनवरी 2007 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 238,391 कि॰मी॰ (83rd)
92,043 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 3
जनसंख्या
 •  20 October 2011 जनगणना 20,121,641[2] (58th)
 •  घनत्व 84.4/कि॰मी॰ (118th)
218.6/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2013 अनुमान
 •  Total $372.017 billion (46th)[3]
 •  Per capita $18,365 (61st)[4]
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2013 estimate
 •  Total $189.659 billion [5] (51st)
 •  Per capita $9,499[6] (73rd)
गिनी (2011) Steady 33.2[7]
medium
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2013) Increase 0.785[8]
high · 54th
करेंसी Romanian leu (RON)
टाइम जोन EET (UTC+2)
 •  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +40
ISO 3166 code RO
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰ .rod
a. The double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavia and Wallachia (respectively, 5 and 24 जनवरी 1859).
b. Independence proclaimed on 9 मई 1877, internationally recognised in 1878.
c. The union of Romania with Bessarabia, Bukovina and Transylvania in 1918.
d. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

रोमानिया यूरोप क एगो देस हवे। एकर राजधानी बुखारेस्ट हवे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. "Constitution of Romania"; Cdep.ro; पहुँचतिथी 2 October 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Romanian 2011 census (final results)"; INSSE; पहुँचतिथी 28 August 2012.  टेम्पलेट:Ro icon
  3. "GDP, PPP (current international $) | Data | Table"; World Bank; पहुँचतिथी 29 August 2014. 
  4. "GDP per capita, PPP (current international $) | Data | Table"; World Bank; पहुँचतिथी 29 August 2014. 
  5. "GDP (current international $) | Data | Table"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 13 June 2014. 
  6. "GDP per capita (current international $) | Data | Table"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 13 June 2014. 
  7. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)"; Eurostat Data Explorer; पहुँचतिथी 13 August 2013. 
  8. "2014 Human Development Report Summary"; United Nations Development Programme; 2014; pp. 21–25; पहुँचतिथी 27 July 2014.