मिस्र

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Arab Republic of Egypt
جمهورية مصر العربية
Jumhūriyyat Miṣr al-ʿArabiyyah (Arabic)
Gomhoreyyet Maṣr el-ʿArabeyya (Egyptian Arabic)
झंडा Coat of arms
राष्ट्रगान: Bilady, Bilady, Bilady
My country, my country, my country
राजधानी
and largest city
Cairo
30°2′N 31°13′E / 30.033°N 31.217°E / 30.033; 31.217
ऑफिशियल भाषा Arabic[a]
National language Egyptian Arabic
लोग के नाँव Egyptian
सरकार Unitary semi-presidential
republic
 •  President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
 •  Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab
बिधायी संस्था Legislation by presidential decree (Temporarily until the House of Representatives is elected)
स्थापित
 •  Unification of Upper
and Lower Egypt
[1][2]
[c]
c. 3150 BC 
 •  Muhammad Ali Dynasty inaugurated 9 July 1805[3] 
 •  Independence from
the United Kingdom
28 फरवरी 1922 
 •  Republic declared 18 June 1953 
 •  Revolution Day 23 July 1952 
 •  Current Constitution 18 जनवरी 2014 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 1,010,407.87 [4] किमी2 (30th)
387,048 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 0.632
जनसंख्या
 •  2015 अनुमान 94,279,000[5] (15th)
 •  2006 जनगणना 72,798,000[6]
 •  घनत्व 84/कि॰मी॰ (126th)
218/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2015 अनुमान
 •  Total $989.886 billion[7] (24th)
 •  Per capita $11,194[7] (100th)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2015 estimate
 •  Total $324.267 billion[8] (34th)
 •  Per capita $3,724[8] (115th)
गिनी (2008) 30.8[9]
medium
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2013) Red Arrow Down.svg 0.682[10]
medium · 110th
करेंसी Egyptian pound (EGP)
टाइम जोन EET (UTC+2)
 •  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3[b])
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +20
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰
a. ^ Literary Arabic is the sole official language.[11] Egyptian Arabic is the national spoken language. Other dialects and minority languages are spoken regionally.
b. ^ Summer time is often used.
c. "Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation".[12][13] Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.

मिस्र या इजिप्ट अफिरकाएशिया दुनों महादीप में फइलल एगो देस बाटे जौना के राजधानी काहिरा बा।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Goldschmidt, Arthur (1988); Modern Egypt: The Formation of a Nation-State; Boulder, CO: Westview Press; p. 5; ISBN 978-0-86531-182-4; Among the peoples of the ancient Near East, only the Egyptians have stayed where they were and remained what they were, although they have changed their language once and their religion twice. In a sense, they constitute the world's oldest nation. For most of their history, Egypt has been a state, but only in recent years has it been truly a nation-state, with a government claiming the allegiance of its subjects on the basis of a common identity. 
  2. "Background Note: Egypt"; United States Department of State Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs; 10 November 2010; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  3. Pierre Crabitès (1935); Ibrahim of Egypt; Routledge; p. 1; ISBN 978-0-415-81121-7; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015; ... on July 9, 1805, Constantinople conferred upon Muhammad Ali the pashalik of Cairo ... 
  4. "Total area km2, pg.15"; Capmas.Gov - Arab Republic of Egypt; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  5. "Population Clock"; Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics; 27 अप्रैल 2013; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  6. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named pop1882-2006
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Egypt"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Egypt"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  9. "GINI index"; World Bank; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  10. "2014 Human Development Report Summary"; United Nations Development Programme; 2014; pp. 21–25; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  11. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Provisional_Constitution
  12. name="USDept of State/Egypt"
  13. "Modern Egypt"; google.com.eg.