ईरान

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
ईरान इस्लामी गणराज्य
جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (Persian)
झंडा Emblem
मोटो: 
"استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی"
"Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi"
"Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic"
(de facto)[1]
राष्ट्रगान: مهر خاوران
Mehr-e Xāvarān
"The Eastern Sun"
राजधानी
and largest city
तेहरान
35°41′N 51°25′E / 35.683°N 51.417°E / 35.683; 51.417
ऑफिशियल भाषा फारसी
Spoken languages[2]
धरम Official:
Shia Islam
Other recognized religions:
लोग के नाँव Iranian
Persian
सरकार Unitary theocratic presidential republic
 •  Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei
 •  राष्ट्रपति हसन रूहानी
 •  उपराष्ट्रपति ईशाक जहाँगीरी
बिधायी संस्था Islamic Consultative Assembly
Unification[3]
 •  Median Empire c. 678 BC 
 •  Achaemenid Empire 550 BC 
 •  Sassanid Empire[4] 224 AD 
 •  Safavid Empire 1501[5] 
 •  Islamic Republic 1 अप्रैल 1979 
 •  Current constitution 24 October 1979 
 •  Constitution amendment 28 July 1989 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 1,648,195 कि॰मी॰ (18th)
636,372 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 0.7
जनसंख्या
 •  2013 अनुमान 78,192,200 [6] (17th)
 •  घनत्व 48/कि॰मी॰ (162rd)
124/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2014 अनुमान
 •  Total $1.284 trillion[7] (17th)
 •  Per capita $16,463[7] (72nd)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2014 estimate
 •  Total $402.700[7] (20th)
 •  Per capita $5,165[7] (98th)
गिनी (2010) 38[8]
medium
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2013) Red Arrow Down.svg 0.749[9]
high · 75th
करेंसी Rial (﷼) (IRR)
टाइम जोन IRST (UTC+3:30)
 •  Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
तारीख रूप yyyy/mm/dd (SH)
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +98
ISO 3166 code IR
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰

ईरान या फारस या पर्शिया एशिया महादीप के एगो देस बा जेकर राजधानी तेहरान बाटे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Jeroen Temperman (2010); State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance; BRILL; pp. 87–; ISBN 90-04-18148-2; The official motto of Iran is Takbir ("God is the Greatest" or "God is Great"). Transliteration Allahu Akbar. As referred to in art. 18 of the constitution of Iran (1979). The de facto motto however is: "Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic." 
  2. Ethnologue; "Iran"; Ethnologue; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  3. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Encyclop.C3.A6dia_Britannica_Encyclopedia_Article:_Media_ancient_region.2C_Iran
  4. Alireza Shapur Shahbazi (2005), "The History of the Idea of Iran", in Vesta Curtis ed., Birth of the Persian Empire, IB Tauris, London, p. 108: "Similarly the collapse of Sassanian Eranshahr in टेम्पलेट:As written 650 did not end Iranians' national idea. The name 'Iran' disappeared from official records of the Saffarids, Samanids, Buyids, Saljuqs and their successor. But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or "Iranian lands", which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam. On the other hand, when the Safavids (not Reza Shah, as is popularly assumed) revived a national state officially known as Iran, bureaucratic usage in the Ottoman empire and even Iran itself could still refer to it by other descriptive and traditional appellations".
  5. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Andrew_J._Newman_2006
  6. "official population clock as of मार्च 17, 2015"; http://www.amar.org.ir/. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Islamic Republic of Iran"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  8. Central bank: Income equality improved in Iran
  9. "Human Development Report 2010"; United Nations; 2010; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015.