ईरान

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ईरान इस्लामी गणराज्य
جمهوری اسلامی ایران
Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (Persian)
ईरान के झंडा
झंडा
ईरान के Emblem
Emblem
मोटो: 
"استقلال، آزادی، جمهوری اسلامی"
"Esteqlāl, Āzādi, Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi"
"Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic"
(de facto)[1]
राष्ट्रगान: مهر خاوران
Mehr-e Xāvarān
"The Eastern Sun"
ईरान के लोकेशन
राजधानी
आ सभसे बड़ शहर
तेहरान
ऑफिशियल भाषा फारसी
Spoken languages[2]
धरम Official:
Shia Islam
Other recognized religions:
निवासी नाँव Iranian
Persian
सरकार Unitary theocratic presidential republic
Ali Khamenei
हसन रूहानी
ईशाक जहाँगीरी
बिधायिका Islamic Consultative Assembly
Unification[3]
c. 678 BC
550 BC
224 AD
1501[5]
1 अप्रैल 1979
24 October 1979
28 July 1989
रकबा
• कुल
1,648,195 किमी2 (636,372 वर्ग मील) (18th)
• जल (%)
0.7
जनसंख्या
• 2013 अनुमान
78,192,200 [6] (17th)
• Density
48/किमी2 (124.3/वर्ग मील) (162rd)
जीडीपी (पीपीपी) 2014 अनुमान
• कुल
$1.284 trillion[7] (17th)
• प्रति ब्यक्ति
$16,463[7] (72nd)
जीडीपी (नॉमिनल) 2014 अनुमान
• कुल
$402.700[7] (20th)
• Per capita
$5,165[7] (98th)
गिनी (2010) 38[8]
medium
एचडीआइ (2013) Red Arrow Down.svg 0.749[9]
high · 75th
करेंसी Rial (﷼) (IRR)
टाइम जोन IRST (यूटीसी+3:30)
• गर्मीं में (डीएसटी)
IRDT (यूटीसी+4:30)
तारीख प्रारूप yyyy/mm/dd (SH)
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड +98
ISO 3166 कोड IR
इंटरनेट टीएलडी

ईरान या फारस या पर्शिया एशिया महादीप के एगो देस बा जेकर राजधानी तेहरान बाटे।

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Jeroen Temperman (2010). State-Religion Relationships and Human Rights Law: Towards a Right to Religiously Neutral Governance. BRILL. पप. 87–. ISBN 90-04-18148-2. The official motto of Iran is Takbir ("God is the Greatest" or "God is Great"). Transliteration Allahu Akbar. As referred to in art. 18 of the constitution of Iran (1979). The de facto motto however is: "Independence, freedom, the Islamic Republic."
  2. Ethnologue. "Iran". Ethnologue. पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015.
  3. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Encyclopædia Britannica Encyclopedia Article: Media ancient region, Iran
  4. Alireza Shapur Shahbazi (2005), "The History of the Idea of Iran", in Vesta Curtis ed., Birth of the Persian Empire, IB Tauris, London, p. 108: "Similarly the collapse of Sassanian Eranshahr in AD 650 did not end Iranians' national idea. The name 'Iran' disappeared from official records of the Saffarids, Samanids, Buyids, Saljuqs and their successor. But one unofficially used the name Iran, Eranshahr, and similar national designations, particularly Mamalek-e Iran or "Iranian lands", which exactly translated the old Avestan term Ariyanam Daihunam. On the other hand, when the Safavids (not Reza Shah, as is popularly assumed) revived a national state officially known as Iran, bureaucratic usage in the Ottoman empire and even Iran itself could still refer to it by other descriptive and traditional appellations".
  5. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Andrew J. Newman 2006
  6. "official population clock as of मार्च 17, 2015". http://www.amar.org.ir/. External link in |work= (मदद)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Islamic Republic of Iran". International Monetary Fund. पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015.
  8. Central bank: Income equality improved in Iran
  9. "Human Development Report 2010" (PDF). United Nations. 2010. पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015.