चेक रिपब्लिक

भोजपुरी विकिपीडिया से
इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
चेक गणराज्य
Česká republika
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Pravda vítězí" (language?)
"Truth prevails"
Anthem: टेम्पलेट:Vunblist
Location of the  चेक रिपब्लिक  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of the  चेक रिपब्लिक  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Prague
50°05′N 14°28′E / 50.083, 14.467
Official languages Czech[१]
Officially recognised[२][३]
Ethnic groups (2014[४]) टेम्पलेट:Vunblist
Religion टेम्पलेट:Vunblist
Demonym Czech
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  President Miloš Zeman
 -  Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house Chamber of Deputies
Formation
 -  Principality of Bohemia c. 870 
 -  Kingdom of Bohemia 1198 
 -  Czechoslovakia 28 October 1918 
 -  Czech Socialist Republic 1 January 1969 
 -  Czech Republic 1 January 1993 
 -  Joined the European Union 1 May 2004 
Area
 -  Total ७८,८६६ km2 (116th)
३०,४५० sq mi
 -  Water (%) 2
Population
 -  Sep 2012 estimate 10,513,209[५] (81st)
 -  2011 census 10,436,560[६]
 -  Density 134/km2 (84th)
३४१/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $295.891 billion[७]
 -  Per capita $28,086[७]
GDP (nominal) 2014 estimate
 -  Total $198.537 billion[७]
 -  Per capita $18,846[७]
Gini (2012) 24.9[८]
low
HDI (2013) Steady 0.873[९]
very high · 28th
Currency Czech koruna (CZK)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Calling code +420b
Patron saint St Wenceslaus
Internet TLD .czc
a. The question is rhetorical, implying "those places where my homeland lies".
b. Code 42 was shared with Slovakia until 1997.
c. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

चेक रिपब्लिक (अंग्रेजी: Czech Republic) यूरोप में एगो देस बाटे। एकर राजधानी हवे।

सन्दर्भ[संपादन]

  1. "Czech language". Czech Republic – Official website. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. तारीख 14 November 2011 के उतारल गइल. 
  2. Citizens belonging to minorities, which traditionally and on long-term basis live within the territory of the Czech Republic, enjoy the right to use their language in communication with authorities and in front of the courts of law (for the list of recognized minorities see National Minorities Policy of the Government of the Czech Republic, Belorussian and Vietnamese since 4 July 2013, see Česko má nové oficiální národnostní menšiny. Vietnamce a Bělorusy). The article 25 of the Czech Charter of Fundamental Rights and Basic Freedoms ensures right of the national and ethnic minorities for education and communication with authorities in their own language. Act No. 500/2004 Coll. (The Administrative Rule) in its paragraph 16 (4) (Procedural Language) ensures, that a citizen of the Czech Republic, who belongs to a national or an ethnic minority, which traditionally and on long-term basis lives within the territory of the Czech Republic, have right to address an administrative agency and proceed before it in the language of the minority. In the case that the administrative agency doesn't have an employee with knowledge of the language, the agency is bound to obtain a translator at the agency's own expense. According to Act No. 273/2001 (About The Rights of Members of Minorities) paragraph 9 (The right to use language of a national minority in dealing with authorities and in front of the courts of law) the same applies for the members of national minorities also in front of the courts of law.
  3. Slovak language may be considered an official language in the Czech Republic under certain circumstances, which is defined by several laws – e.g. law 500/2004, 337/1992. Source: http://portal.gov.cz. Cited: "Například Správní řád (zákon č. 500/2004 Sb.) stanovuje: "V řízení se jedná a písemnosti se vyhotovují v českém jazyce. Účastníci řízení mohou jednat a písemnosti mohou být předkládány i v jazyce slovenském ..." (§16, odstavec 1). Zákon o správě daní a poplatků (337/1992 Sb.) "Úřední jazyk: Před správcem daně se jedná v jazyce českém nebo slovenském. Veškerá písemná podání se předkládají v češtině nebo slovenštině ..." (§ 3, odstavec 1). http://portal.gov.cz
  4. "Czech Republic Population 2014". World Population Review. तारीख 2014-04-14 के उतारल गइल. 
  5. "Population". Czech Statistical Office. 19 October 2012. तारीख 19 December 2012 के उतारल गइल. 
  6. Census of Population and Housing 2011: Basic final results. Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved on 19 December 2012.
  7. ७.० ७.१ ७.२ ७.३ "Czech Republic". International Monetary Fund. तारीख 26 April 2014 के उतारल गइल. 
  8. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. तारीख 13 August 2013 के उतारल गइल. 
  9. "Human Development Report 2011". United Nations. 2011. तारीख 5 November 2011 के उतारल गइल.