फ्लेरोवियम

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Flerovium,  114Fl
सामान्य प्रॉपर्टी
नाँव, चीन्हा flerovium, Fl
उच्चारण /flɨˈrviəm/[1]
fli-ROH-vee-əm
पीरियॉडिक टेबल में Flerovium
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline earth metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
ऑक्सीजन (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline earth metal)
Aluminium (post-transition metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline earth metal)
Scandium (transition metal)
Titanium (transition metal)
Vanadium (transition metal)
Chromium (transition metal)
Manganese (transition metal)
Iron (transition metal)
Cobalt (transition metal)
Nickel (transition metal)
Copper (transition metal)
Zinc (transition metal)
Gallium (post-transition metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline earth metal)
Yttrium (transition metal)
Zirconium (transition metal)
Niobium (transition metal)
Molybdenum (transition metal)
Technetium (transition metal)
Ruthenium (transition metal)
Rhodium (transition metal)
Palladium (transition metal)
Silver (transition metal)
Cadmium (transition metal)
Indium (post-transition metal)
Tin (post-transition metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline earth metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transition metal)
Tantalum (transition metal)
Tungsten (transition metal)
Rhenium (transition metal)
Osmium (transition metal)
Iridium (transition metal)
Platinum (transition metal)
Gold (transition metal)
Mercury (transition metal)
Thallium (post-transition metal)
Lead (post-transition metal)
Bismuth (post-transition metal)
Polonium (post-transition metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline earth metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transition metal)
Dubnium (transition metal)
Seaborgium (transition metal)
Bohrium (transition metal)
Hassium (transition metal)
Meitnerium (unknown chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unknown chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unknown chemical properties)
Copernicium (transition metal)
Ununtrium (unknown chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transition metal)
Ununpentium (unknown chemical properties)
Livermorium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unknown chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unknown chemical properties)
Pb

Fl

(Uho)
ununtriumfleroviumununpentium
परमाणु नंबर (Z) 114
ग्रुप, ब्लॉक group 14 (carbon group), p-block
पीरियड period 7
तत्व श्रेणी   post-transition metal
स्टैंडर्ड परमाणु भार (Ar) [289]
इलेक्ट्रॉन संरचना [Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p2 (predicted)[2]
प्रति शेल
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 4 (predicted)
भौतिक प्रॉपर्टी सब
अवस्था solid (predicted)[2]
गलनांक 340 K ​(67 °C, ​160 °F) (predicted)[3]
उबाल बिंदु 420 K ​(147 °C, ​297 °F) (predicted)[3][4][5]
घनत्व near r.t. 14 g/cm3 (predicted)[3]
[[बास्पीकरण के एंथाल्पी|बास्पीकरण]] 38 kJ/mol (predicted)[3]
परमाणु प्रॉपर्टी सब
ऑक्सिडेशन स्टेट 0, 1, 2, 4, 6(predicted)[2][3][6]
Ionisation energies 1st: 823.9 kJ/mol (predicted)[2]
2nd: 1601.6 kJ/mol (predicted)[3]
3rd: 3367.3 kJ/mol (predicted)[3]
(more)
परमाणु त्रिज्या empirical: 180 pm (predicted)[2][3]
कोवेलेंट त्रिज्या 171–177 pm (extrapolated)[4]
Miscellanea
CAS Number 54085-16-4
History
Naming after Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (itself named after Georgy Flyorov)[7]
Discovery Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (1999)
Most stable isotopes of flerovium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
289Fl syn 2.6 s α 9.82,9.48 285Cn
289mFl ? syn 2–23 s α 9.71 285mCn ?
288Fl syn 0.8 s α 9.94 284Cn
287Fl syn 0.48 s α 10.02 283Cn
287mFl ? syn 5.5 s α 10.29 283mCn ?
286Fl syn 0.13 s 40% α 10.19 282Cn
60% SF
285Fl[8][9] syn 125 ms α 10.41(5) 281Cn
284Fl[8][9] syn 2.5+1.8
−0.8
 ms
SF
· references

फ्लेरोवियम (अंगरेजी: Flerovium) एक ठो सिंथेटिक भारी तत्व बाटे। एकर चीन्हा Fl बा आ परमाणु संख्या 114 बाटे।


इहो देखल जाय[संपादन]

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. "Flerovium and Livermorium"; Periodic Table of Videos; The University of Nottingham; पहुँचतिथी 4 June 2012. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006); "Transactinides and the future elements"; भाषा: Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean; The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd संस्करण); Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media; ISBN 1-4020-3555-1. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Fricke, Burkhard (1975); "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties"; Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry 21: 89–144; doi:10.1007/BFb0116498; पहुँचतिथी 4 October 2013. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981); "Predicting the Properties of the 113–120 Transactinide Elements"; Journal of Physical Chemistry (American Chemical Society) 85 (9): 1177–1186; doi:10.1021/j150609a021. 
  5. Seaborg, G. T.; "Transuranium element"; Encyclopædia Britannica; पहुँचतिथी 2010-03-16. 
  6. Schwerdtfeger, Peter; Seth, Michael (2002); "Relativistic Quantum Chemistry of the Superheavy Elements. Closed-Shell Element 114 as a Case Study."; Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences 3 (1): 133–136; पहुँचतिथी 12 September 2014. 
  7. टेम्पलेट:Cite press
  8. 8.0 8.1 http://cyclotron.tamu.edu/she2015/assets/pdfs/presentations/Utyonkov_SHE_2015_TAMU.pdf
  9. 9.0 9.1 Utyonkov, V. K.; Brewer, N. T.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Grzywacz, R. K.; Itkis, M. G.; Miernik, K.; Polyakov, A. N.; Roberto, J. B.; Sagaidak, R. N.; Shirokovsky, I. V.; Shumeiko, M. V.; Tsyganov, Yu. S.; Voinov, A. A.; Subbotin, V. G.; Sukhov, A. M.; Sabel'nikov, A. V.; Vostokin, G. K.; Hamilton, J. H.; Stoyer, M. A.; Strauss, S. Y. (15 September 2015); "Experiments on the synthesis of superheavy nuclei 284Fl and 285Fl in the 239,240Pu + 48Ca reactions"; Physical Review C 92 (3); doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.92.034609.