बनारस के घाट

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Ahilya Ghat by the Ganges, Varanasi.
Chet Singh Ghat in Varanasi.
Kedar Ghat in Varanasi.

बनारस के घाट एह शहर में गंगा नदी के किनारे बनल घाट हवें। कुल छोट-बड़ 88 गो घाट इहाँ बाने।[1] एह घाट सभ के इस्तेमाल नहान, पूजा आ मुर्दा फूँके खाती होला।[2]

ज्यादातर घाट सभ 1700 ईस्वी के बाद बनल हवें, जब शहर मराठा साम्राज्य के अधीन रहल।[3] कई घाट सभ मिथक आ इतिहास से जुड़ल बाने।

परसिद्ध घाट सभ[संपादन करीं]

नीचे बनारस के घाट सभ के लिस्ट दिहल जात बा:

1 से 41
नंबर नाँव फोटो
1 Assi Ghat Assi Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
2 Ganga Mahal Ghat (I) Ganga Mahal Ghat Assi, Varanasi.JPG
3 Rewan (Reewa) Ghat Rewa Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
4 Tulsi Ghat Tulasi Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
5 Bhadaini Ghat Bhadaini Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
6 Janaki Ghat Janaki Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
7 Mata Anandamai Anandamayi,Varanasi.JPG
8 Vaccharaja Ghat Vaccharaja Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
9 Jain Ghat Jain Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
10 Nishad Ghat Nishadraj Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
11 Prabhu Ghat Prabhu Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
12 Panchkota Ghat Panchakot Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
13 Chet Singh Ghat Chet Singh Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
14 Niranjani Ghat Niranjani Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
15 Mahanirvani Ghat not available
16 Shivala Ghat Shivala Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
17 Gularia Ghat Gulariya Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
18 Dandi Ghat not available
19 Hanuman Ghat not available
20 Prachina (Old) Hanumanana Ghat Prachin Hanuman Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
21 Karnataka Ghat Karnataka Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
22 Harish Chandra Ghat Harishchandra Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
23 Lali Ghat Lali Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
24 Vijayanagaram Ghat Vijayanagaram Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
25 Kedar Ghat Kedar Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
26 Caowki (Chauki) Ghat Chauki Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
27 Ksemesvara / Somesvara Ghat Kshemeshvara Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
28 Mansarovar Ghat Mansarovar Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
29 Narad Ghat Narada Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
30 Raja Ghat rebuilt by Amrut Rao Peshwa Raja Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
31 Khori Ghat not available
32 Pandey Ghat Pandey Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
33 Sarvesvara Ghat not available
34 Digpatia Ghat Diigpatiya Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
35 Causatthi Ghat Chausatthi Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
36 Rana Mahal Ghat Ranamahal Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
37 Darbhanga Ghat Darbhanga Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
38 Munshi Ghat Munshi Ghat.JPG
39 Ahilyabai Ghat Ahilyabai Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
40 Sitala Ghat Shitala Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
41 Dashashwamedh Ghat Dashashvamedh Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
नंबर नाँव फोटो
42 Prayag Ghat not available
43 Rajendra Prasad Ghat .
44 Man Mandir Ghat Man Mandir Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
45 Tripura Bhairavi Ghat Tripurabhairavi Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
46 Mir (Meer) Ghat Meer Ghat 2.JPG
47 Phuta/ Naya Ghat old site of Yajnesvara Ghat
48 Nepali Ghat not available
49 Lalita Ghat Lalita Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
50 Bauli/ Umaraogiri/ Amroha Ghat not available
51 Jalasen (Jalasayi) Ghat Jalasen Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
52 Khirki Gaht not available
53 Manikarnika Ghat Manikarnika Ghat, Varanas.JPG
54 Bajirio Ghat not available
55 Scindhia Ghat Scindia Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
56 Sankatha Ghat Sanktha Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
57 Ganga Mahal Ghat (II) Benares- Temple on Ganges in state of collapse, India, ca. 1906 (IMP-CSCNWW33-OS14-59).jpg
58 Bhonsale Ghat Bhosale ghat.jpg
59 Naya Ghat In Prinsep’s map of 1822 this was named as Gularia Ghat
60 Genesa Ghat [4]
61 Mehta Ghat Formally this was part of the preceding ghat, but after the construction of V.S.Mehta hospital (1962) this is known to the name of latter one.
62 Rama Ghat Ram Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
63 Jatara Ghat Jatar Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
64 Raja Gwalior Ghat Raja Gwalior Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
65 Mangala Gauri Ghat (also known as Bala Ghat) Balaji Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
66 Venimadhava Ghat part of the Pancaganga Ghat and also known as Vindu Madhava Ghat
67 Pancaganga Ghat PanchaGanga Ghat, Varanasi (2).JPG
68 Durga Ghat Durga Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
69 Brahma Ghat Brahma Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
70 Bundi Parakota Ghat Bundi Parkota Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
71 (Adi)Sitala Ghat This is an extended part of the preceding ghat [4]
72 Lal Ghat Lal Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
73 Hanumanagardhi Ghat Hanumangarhi Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
74 Gaya/Gai Ghat Gai Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
75 Badri Nayarana Ghat Badrinarayan Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
76 Trilochan Ghat Trilochan Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
77 Gola Ghat Since late 12th cent. this site was used as ferry point and was also known for a number of granaries (gold)
78 Nandesvara /Nandu Ghat Nandesvara Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
79 Sakka Ghat Sakka Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
80 Telianala Ghat Telianala Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
81 Naya/Phuta Ghat During 18th century the ghat – area became deserted (Phuta), but later on it was renovated. This way the ghat was formerly known as phuta, and later as Naya.
82 Prahalada Ghat Prahlad Ghat, Varanasi.JPG
83 Raja Ghat (Bhaisasur Rajghat) / Lord Duffrin bridge / Malaviya Bridge [4]
84 Adi Keshava Ghat [4]
Sant Ravidas Ghat[4][5]
Nishad Ghat (divided from Prahalada) [4]
Rani Ghat[4]
Shri Panch Agni Akhara Ghat[4]

Cremation on ghats[संपादन करीं]

Cremations in progress at Manikarnika Ghat, Varanasi.

In Hindu traditions, cremation is one of the rites of passage and the Ghats of Varanasi are considered one of the auspicious locations for this ritual.[6] At the time of the cremation or "last rites", a "Puja" (prayer) is performed. Hymns and mantras are recited during cremation to mark the ritual. The Manikarnika and Harishchandra Ghats are dedicated to the cremation ritual. Annually, less than 2 in 1000 people who die in India, or 25,000 to 30,000 bodies are cremated on various Varanasi Ghats; about an average of 80 per day. This practice has become controversial for the pollution it causes to the river.[7] In 1980s, the Government of India funded a Clean Ganges initiative, to address cremation and other sources of pollution along the Ghats of Varanasi. In many cases, the cremation is done elsewhere and only the ashes are dispersed into the river near these Ghats.[8]

Pollution of ghats[संपादन करीं]

Untreated sewage is a pervasive source of river pollution in India. City municipal waste and untreated sewage is the largest source of pollution of Ganges river near the Ghats of Varanasi.[9]

संदर्भ[संपादन करीं]

  1. Pollution clogs India’s sacred Ganges river
  2. Rob Bowden (2003), The Ganges, ISBN 978-0739860700, Heinemann
  3. Diana Eck, Banaras: CITY OF LIGHT, ISBN 978-0691020235, Princeton University Press
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named rajnishmishravns
  5. "A spacious Guru Ravidass Ghat has been built at the place".
  6. Diana Eck, Banaras - City of Light, ISBN 978-0231114479, Columbia University Press
  7. S. Agarwal, Water pollution, ISBN 978-8176488327, APH Publishing
  8. Flood, Gavin: Rites of Passage, in: Bowen, Paul (1998). Themes and issues in Hinduism. Cassell, London. ISBN 0-304-33851-6. pp. 270.
  9. O. Singh, Frontiers in Environmental Geography, ISBN 978-8170224624, pp 246-256

बाहरी कड़ी[संपादन करीं]