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बनारस के घाट

विकिपीडिया से
Ahilya Ghat by the Ganges, Varanasi.
Chet Singh Ghat in Varanasi.
Kedar Ghat in Varanasi.

बनारस के घाट एह शहर में गंगा नदी के किनारे बनल घाट हवें। कुल छोट-बड़ 88 गो घाट इहाँ बाने।[1] एह घाट सभ के इस्तेमाल नहान, पूजा आ मुर्दा फूँके खाती होला।[2]

ज्यादातर घाट सभ 1700 ईस्वी के बाद बनल हवें, जब शहर मराठा साम्राज्य के अधीन रहल।[3] कई घाट सभ मिथक आ इतिहास से जुड़ल बाने।

परसिद्ध घाट सभ[संपादन करीं]

नीचे बनारस के घाट सभ के लिस्ट दिहल जात बा:

1 से 41
नंबर नाँव फोटो
1 Assi Ghat
2 Ganga Mahal Ghat (I)
3 Rewan (Reewa) Ghat
4 Tulsi Ghat
5 Bhadaini Ghat
6 Janaki Ghat
7 Mata Anandamai
8 Vaccharaja Ghat
9 Jain Ghat
10 Nishad Ghat
11 Prabhu Ghat
12 Panchkota Ghat
13 Chet Singh Ghat
14 Niranjani Ghat
15 Mahanirvani Ghat not available
16 Shivala Ghat
17 Gularia Ghat
18 Dandi Ghat not available
19 Hanuman Ghat not available
20 Prachina (Old) Hanumanana Ghat
21 Karnataka Ghat
22 Harish Chandra Ghat
23 Lali Ghat
24 Vijayanagaram Ghat
25 Kedar Ghat
26 Caowki (Chauki) Ghat
27 Ksemesvara / Somesvara Ghat
28 Mansarovar Ghat
29 Narad Ghat
30 Raja Ghat rebuilt by Amrut Rao Peshwa
31 Khori Ghat not available
32 Pandey Ghat
33 Sarvesvara Ghat not available
34 Digpatia Ghat
35 Causatthi Ghat
36 Rana Mahal Ghat
37 Darbhanga Ghat
38 Munshi Ghat
39 Ahilyabai Ghat
40 Sitala Ghat
41 Dashashwamedh Ghat
नंबर नाँव फोटो
42 Prayag Ghat not available
43 Rajendra Prasad Ghat .
44 Man Mandir Ghat
45 Tripura Bhairavi Ghat
46 Mir (Meer) Ghat
47 Phuta/ Naya Ghat old site of Yajnesvara Ghat
48 Nepali Ghat not available
49 Lalita Ghat
50 Bauli/ Umaraogiri/ Amroha Ghat not available
51 Jalasen (Jalasayi) Ghat
52 Khirki Gaht not available
53 Manikarnika Ghat
54 Bajirio Ghat not available
55 Scindhia Ghat
56 Sankatha Ghat
57 Ganga Mahal Ghat (II)
58 Bhonsale Ghat
59 Naya Ghat In Prinsep’s map of 1822 this was named as Gularia Ghat
60 Genesa Ghat [4]
61 Mehta Ghat Formally this was part of the preceding ghat, but after the construction of V.S.Mehta hospital (1962) this is known to the name of latter one.
62 Rama Ghat
63 Jatara Ghat
64 Raja Gwalior Ghat
65 Mangala Gauri Ghat (also known as Bala Ghat)
66 Venimadhava Ghat part of the Pancaganga Ghat and also known as Vindu Madhava Ghat
67 Pancaganga Ghat
68 Durga Ghat
69 Brahma Ghat
70 Bundi Parakota Ghat
71 (Adi)Sitala Ghat This is an extended part of the preceding ghat [4]
72 Lal Ghat
73 Hanumanagardhi Ghat
74 Gaya/Gai Ghat
75 Badri Nayarana Ghat
76 Trilochan Ghat
77 Gola Ghat Since late 12th cent. this site was used as ferry point and was also known for a number of granaries (gold)
78 Nandesvara /Nandu Ghat
79 Sakka Ghat
80 Telianala Ghat
81 Naya/Phuta Ghat During 18th century the ghat – area became deserted (Phuta), but later on it was renovated. This way the ghat was formerly known as phuta, and later as Naya.
82 Prahalada Ghat
83 Raja Ghat (Bhaisasur Rajghat) / Lord Duffrin bridge / Malaviya Bridge [4]
84 Adi Keshava Ghat [4]
Sant Ravidas Ghat[4][5]
Nishad Ghat (divided from Prahalada) [4]
Rani Ghat[4]
Shri Panch Agni Akhara Ghat[4]

Cremation on ghats[संपादन करीं]

Cremations in progress at Manikarnika Ghat, Varanasi.

In Hindu traditions, cremation is one of the rites of passage and the Ghats of Varanasi are considered one of the auspicious locations for this ritual.[6] At the time of the cremation or "last rites", a "Puja" (prayer) is performed. Hymns and mantras are recited during cremation to mark the ritual. The Manikarnika and Harishchandra Ghats are dedicated to the cremation ritual. Annually, less than 2 in 1000 people who die in India, or 25,000 to 30,000 bodies are cremated on various Varanasi Ghats; about an average of 80 per day. This practice has become controversial for the pollution it causes to the river.[7] In 1980s, the Government of India funded a Clean Ganges initiative, to address cremation and other sources of pollution along the Ghats of Varanasi. In many cases, the cremation is done elsewhere and only the ashes are dispersed into the river near these Ghats.[8]

Pollution of ghats[संपादन करीं]

Untreated sewage is a pervasive source of river pollution in India. City municipal waste and untreated sewage is the largest source of pollution of Ganges river near the Ghats of Varanasi.[9]

संदर्भ[संपादन करीं]

  1. Pollution clogs India’s sacred Ganges river
  2. Rob Bowden (2003), The Ganges, ISBN 978-0739860700, Heinemann
  3. Diana Eck, Banaras: CITY OF LIGHT, ISBN 978-0691020235, Princeton University Press
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named rajnishmishravns
  5. "A spacious Guru Ravidass Ghat has been built at the place". Archived from the original on 2017-12-19. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
  6. Diana Eck, Banaras - City of Light, ISBN 978-0231114479, Columbia University Press
  7. S. Agarwal, Water pollution, ISBN 978-8176488327, APH Publishing
  8. Flood, Gavin: Rites of Passage, in: Bowen, Paul (1998). Themes and issues in Hinduism. Cassell, London. ISBN 0-304-33851-6. pp. 270.
  9. O. Singh, Frontiers in Environmental Geography, ISBN 978-8170224624, pp 246-256

बाहरी कड़ी[संपादन करीं]