येरुशलम

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Jerusalem
City
From upper left: Jerusalem skyline looking north from St. Elijah Monastery, a souq in the Old City, Mamilla Mall, the Knesset, the Dome of the Rock, the citadel (known as the Tower of David) and the Old City walls, and the Western Wall.
From upper left: Jerusalem skyline looking north from St. Elijah Monastery, a souq in the Old City, Mamilla Mall, the Knesset, the Dome of the Rock, the citadel (known as the Tower of David) and the Old City walls, and the Western Wall.
Flag of Jerusalem
झंडा
Emblem of Jerusalem
Coat of arms
पुकार नाँव: Ir ha-Kodesh (The Holy City),
Bayt al-Maqdis (House of the Holiness)
Location of Jerusalem
Location of Jerusalem
Jerusalem
निर्देशांक: 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217निर्देशांक: 31°47′N 35°13′E / 31.783°N 35.217°E / 31.783; 35.217
Administered by  Israel
Claimed by Israel and Palestine[note 1]
Israeli district  Jerusalem
Palestinian governorate Jerusalem
Gihon Spring settlement 4500 BCE
City of David 1010 BCE
Present Old City walls built 1541
East-West Jerusalem division 1948
Reunification 1967
Jerusalem Law 1980
रकबा
 • City 125,156 dunams (125.156 किमी2 or 48.323 बर्गमील)
 • मेट्रो 652,000 dunams (652 किमी2 or 252 बर्गमील)
ऊँचाई 754 m (2,474 ft)
जनसंख्या (2016)[4]
 • City 882,652
 • जनघनत्व 7,100/किमी2 (18,000/बर्गमील)
 • मेट्रो[5] 1,253,900
निवासी नाँव Jerusalemite (Yerushalmi)
Qudsi/Maqdisi
Demographics (2016)[6]
 • Jewish 64%
 • Arab 35%
 • others 1%
टाइम जोन IST, PST (यूटीसी+02:00)
 • Summer (DST) IDT, PDT (UTC+03:00)
Postal code 9XXXXXX
Area code +972-2
वेबसाइट jerusalem.muni.il (Israeli)
ऑफिशियल नाँव Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls
प्रकार Cultural
पैमाना ii, iii, vi
तिथी 1981
रिफरेंस नं॰ 148
Region Jerusalem District
Endangered 1982–present

जेरूसलम जार्डन की पठार पर स्थित एगो इतिहासी शहर ह। ई प्राचीन काल से पवित्र शहर मानल जाला आ यहूदी, ईसाई आ इस्लाम धरम, तीनों खातिर पवित्र शहर हवे इजराइलफिलिस्तीन दुनों एपर आपन दावा करे लें कि ई उनकर राजधानी हवे बाकी वर्तमान में ई इजराइल में बाटे।

इतिहास में ई शहर कम से कम दू बेर तबाह भइल 23 बेर ए पर घेरा परल आ 52 बेर आक्रमण भइल आ 44 बेर गुलाम भइल आ फिर वापस जीतल गइल।[7]

नोट[संपादन]

  1. The State of Palestine (according to the Basic Law of Palestine, Title One: Article 3) regards Jerusalem as its capital.[1] But the documents of the PLO's Negotiations Affairs Department (NAD) often refer to East Jerusalem (rather than the whole of Jerusalem) as a future capital, and sometimes as the current capital. One of its 2010 documents, described as "for discussion purposes only", says that Palestine has a '"vision"' for a future in which "East Jerusalem ... shall be the capital of Palestine, and West Jerusalem shall be the capital of Israel",[2] and one of its 2013 documents refers to "Palestine's capital, East Jerusalem", and states that "Occupied East Jerusalem is the natural socio-economic and political center for the future Palestinian state", while also stating that "Jerusalem has always been and remains the political, administrative and spiritual heart of Palestine" and that "The Palestinian acceptance of the 1967 border, which includes East Jerusalem, is a painful compromise".[3]

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. 2003 Amended Basic Law. Basic Law of Palestine. Retrieved: 9 December 2012.
  2. PLO-NAD, June 2010, Jerusalem Non-Paper Archived 6 February 2012वेबैक मशीन पर . on Statements and Speeches Archived 2016-04-18वेबैक मशीन पर ., nad-plo.org; accessed 25 November 2014. Extracts from page 2:"This paper is for discussion purposes only. Nothing is agreed until everything is agreed.

    Palestinian vision for Jerusalem
    ...
    Pursuant to our vision, East Jerusalem, as defined by its pre-1967 occupation municipal borders, shall be the capital of Palestine, and West Jerusalem shall be the capital of Israel, with each state enjoying full sovereignty over its respective part of the city."
  3. PLO-Negotiations Affairs Department (NAD), August 2013, East Jerusalem today – Palestine's Capital: The 1967 border in Jerusalem and Israel's illegal policies on the ground Archived 4 March 2016वेबैक मशीन पर ., nad-plo.org; accessed 25 November 2014, Quotes:" ... Palestine's capital, East Jerusalem ... The Palestinian acceptance of the 1967 border, which includes East Jerusalem, is a painful compromise: ... Jerusalem has always been and remains the political, administrative and spiritual heart of Palestine. Occupied East Jerusalem is the natural socio-economic and political center for the future Palestinian state."
  4. "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. पहुँचतिथी September 26, 2017.
  5. "Localities, Population and Density per Sq. Km., by Metropolitan Area and Selected Localities". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 6 September 2017. पहुँचतिथी 19 September 2017.
  6. "Facts and Figures". jerusalem.muni.il. ओरिजनल से 31 October 2016 के पुरालेखित.
  7. "Do We Divide the Holiest Holy City?". Moment Magazine. ओरिजनल से 3 जून 2008 के पुरालेखित. पहुँचतिथी 4 जुलाई 2015.