बर्की के लड़ाई

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बर्की के लड़ाई
Part of 1965 के भारत-पाक युद्ध
Date8–11 September 1965[1][2]
Locationबर्की, लाहौर, पाकिस्तान
31°2′52″N 74°5′6″E / 31.04778°N 74.08500°E / 31.04778; 74.08500निर्देशांक: 31°2′52″N 74°5′6″E / 31.04778°N 74.08500°E / 31.04778; 74.08500
Result

भारत के निर्णायक बिजय[3][4]

  • Failure of the Pakistani tank assault and counterattack towards Lahore [3][4][5]
Belligerents
भारत
भारत
पाकिस्तान
Pakistan
Commanders and leaders
भारत Har Krishan Sibal
भारत Anant Singh
पाकिस्तान Raja Aziz Bhatti  
Strength
1 infantry division[1]
1 Armor Regiment[6]
150 tanks[3](3 Regiments)
2 Companies of 17 Punjab Regiment
10 F-86 Sabre jets
Casualties and losses
4 tanks[3] 84 tanks[3]

बर्की के लड़ाई भारत आ पाकिस्तान के सेना के बीच लड़ल गइल 1965 के युद्धके हिस्सा रहल।[3] बर्की (उर्दू: بركى) पाकिस्तान में लाहौर के 6 मील (9.7 किमी) दक्खिन-पूरुब में भारत-पाकिस्तान बार्डर के नजदीक जगह बाटे[7] आ ई लाहौर से इच्छोगिल नहर के पुल द्वारा जुड़ल बाटे। लड़ाई के समय दुनों देस के सेना के संख्या लगभग बराबर रहे। पाकिस्तानी सैनिक नहर के किनारे खाई खन के ओह में से लड़त रहलें आ टैंक आ फाइटर जेट के सपोर्ट भी रहे।[3] भारतीय सेना 11 सितंबर 1965 के एह जगह के जीत लिहलस।[8]

बैकग्राउंड[संपादन]

Pakistan launched Operation Grand Slam on 17 August 1965 in an effort to relieve infiltrators who had been surrounded after the failure of Operation Gibraltar on 15 August and to attempt to cut off the Indian supply lines.[9] With supply lines under severe stress due to Operation Grand Slam, India launched an offensive towards Lahore to open up a second front in the war and distract Pakistani attention from Kashmir.[9] After opening the Lahore front, Indian troops advanced towards Lahore along three axes—Amritsar-Lahore, Khalra-Burki- Lahore and Khem Karan-Kasur roads—overwhelming the small Pakistani force.[10]

Indian infantry, supported by the only Indian armored division, quickly pushed back unprepared Pakistani defenders with the aim of encircling and possibly besieging Lahore. Due to the element of surprise, India was able to capture a large amount of Pakistani territory from the town of Khalra, an Indian border town which lies on a straight road to Lahore through Burki.[2][3] In the meantime, the Pakistani Army mobilized the troops in the region and mounted a three-pronged counterattack to recapture lost ground. The Battle of Burki was subsequently fought on Khalra-Burki- Lahore road.[3][10]

Pakistan's main goal was to force the Indian infantry into retreat before their armored support and supply lines could catch up. The Pakistani Army's aim also was to capture much of the territory it had lost earlier in the fighting.[2] The Indian infantry's aim was to capture and hold the town of Burki until reinforcements, including armor and supplies, could arrive.[1][2]

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 सिंह, ग्रुप कैप्टन रणबीर. Major defence operations since 1947. Ocean Books. ISBN 81-88322-67-9.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Gupta, Hari Ram. India-Pakistan war, 1965, Volume 1. Hariyana Prakashan, 1967. पप. 154–157.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Melville de Mellow (28 November 1965). "Battle of Burki was another outstanding infantry operation". Sainik Samachar.
  4. 4.0 4.1 उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Singh_1965
  5. Singh, Gp Capt Ranbir. Memorable War Stories. Ocean Books.
  6. Das, Chand N. Hours of Glory: Famous Battles of the Indian army, 1801–1971. Vision Books, 1997.
  7. Gopal, Ram. Indo-Pakistan War and Peace, 1965. Pustak Kendra, 1967. प. 118.
  8. फज़ल, रेहान (11 सितंबर 2015). "बर्की की वो घमासान लड़ाई" (Hindi में). बीबीसी हिंदी. पहुँचतिथी 11 जनवरी 2016.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Indo-Pakistan War of 1965". globalsecurity.org.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Johri, Sitaram. The Indo-Pak conflict of 1965. Himalaya Publications, 1967. पप. 129–130.