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State of California
Flag of California State seal of California
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Golden State
Motto(s): Eureka[1]
State song(s): "I Love You, California"
Map of the United States with California highlighted
Official language English
Spoken languages

Native languages as of 2007

Demonym Californian
Capital Sacramento
Largest city Los Angeles
Largest metro Greater Los Angeles Area
Area Ranked 3rd
 • Total 163,696 sq mi
(423,970 km2)
 • Width 250 miles (400 km)
 • Length 770 miles (1,240 km)
 • % water 4.7
 • Latitude 32°32′ N to 42° N
 • Longitude 114°8′ W to 124°26′ W
Population Ranked 1st
 • Total 39,536,653 (2017 est.)[4]
 • Density 240/sq mi  (92.6/km2)
Ranked 11th
 • Median household income $66,636 (2016)[5] (13th)
 • Highest point Mount Whitney[6][7][8][9]
14,505 ft (4,421.0 m)
 • Mean 2,900 ft  (880 m)
 • Lowest point Badwater Basin[10]
−279 ft (−85.0 m)
Before statehood Alta California
Admission to Union September 9, 1850 (31st)
Governor Jerry Brown (D)
Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom (D)
Legislature California State Legislature
 • Upper house California State Senate
 • Lower house California State Assembly
U.S. Senators Dianne Feinstein (D)
Kamala Harris (D)
U.S. House delegation 39 Democrats
14 Republicans (list)
Time zones Pacific Time Zone
 • Standard time PST (UTC−8)
 • Summer time (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ISO 3166 US-CA
Abbreviations CA, Calif., Cal.
Website www.ca.gov

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  1. "Government Code Section 420-429.8". State of California Legislative Council. ओरिजनल से मार्च 25, 2014 के पुरालेखित. पहुँचतिथी दिसंबर 24, 2009.
  2. Hyon B. Shin; Robert A. Kominski (अप्रैल 2010). "Language Use in the United States: 2007" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. United States Department of Commerce. पहुँचतिथी मई 27, 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Appendix Table A for Figures 5A-5H. Percentage Speaking a Language Other Than English at Home by English-Speaking Ability by State: 2007". Language Use in the United States: 2007 (ACS-12): Appendix Tables. United States Census Bureau. 2007. पहुँचतिथी मई 26, 2013.
  4. "California: Population estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. दिसंबर 21, 2017. पहुँचतिथी दिसंबर 21, 2017.
  5. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. पहुँचतिथी मई 19, 2018.
  6. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Mount_Whitney
  7. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named USGS
  8. उद्धरण खराबी:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named NAVD88
  9. The summit of Mount Whitney is the highest point in the Contiguous United States.
  10. "USGS National Elevation Dataset (NED) 1 meter Downloadable Data Collection from The National Map 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) – National Geospatial Data Asset (NGDA) National Elevation Data Set (NED)". United States Geological Survey. सितंबर 21, 2015. पहुँचतिथी सितंबर 22, 2015.