इस्तांबुल

विकिपीडिया से
इस्तांबुल
इस्तांबुल
मेट्रो नगरपालिका और प्रोविन्स
बॉस्फोरस पूल
हागिया सोफिया
मेडिन्ज़ टावर
ओर्टाकोय मस्जिद
इस्तिकलाल एवेन्यू
गलता टॉवर
लेवेंट व्यापार जिला
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
इस्तांबुल
तुर्किए में स्थिति
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
इस्तांबुल
यूरोप में स्थिति
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
Turkey, with Istanbul pinpointed at the northwest along a thin strip of land bounded by water
इस्तांबुल
एशिया में स्थिति
Coordinates: 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.01361°N 28.95500°E / 41.01361; 28.95500निर्देशांक: 41°00′49″N 28°57′18″E / 41.01361°N 28.95500°E / 41.01361; 28.95500
देश तुर्की
क्षेत्रमरमरा
प्रोविन्सइस्तांबुल
प्रोविन्स सीट[नोट 1]जैगलोग्लू, फतह
जिले39
Government
 • TypeMayor–council government
 • BodyMunicipal Council of Istanbul
 • महापौरएक्रेम इमामोग्लू (सीएचपी)
 • गर्वनरअली यरलिकाया
Area
 • Urban
2,576.85 किमी2 (994.93 बर्ग मील)
 • Metro
5,343.22 किमी2 (2,063.03 बर्ग मील)
Highest elevation537 m (1,762 ft)
Population
 (31 दिसम्बर 2022)[4]
 • मेट्रो नगरपालिका और प्रोविन्स15,907,951
 • Rankतुर्किये में प्रथम
यूरोप में प्रथम
 • Urban
15,569,856
 • Urban density6,042/किमी2 (15,650/बर्ग मील)
 • Metro density2,977/किमी2 (7,710/बर्ग मील)
DemonymsIstanbulite
(तुर्की: İstanbullu)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Postal code
34000 to 34990
Area codes+90 212 (European side)
+90 216 (Asian side)
Vehicle registration34
GDP (Nominal)2021[5]
 - TotalUS$ 248 billion
 - Per capitaUS$ 15,666
HDI (2019)0.846[6] (very high) · 1st
GeoTLD.ist, .istanbul
Website
ऑफिशियल नाँवHistoric Areas of Istanbul
पैमानाCultural: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
संदर्भ356bis
इंस्क्रिप्शन1985 (9वाँ सेशन)
एक्स्टेंशन2017
रकबा (एरिया)765.5 हे (1,892 एकड़)

इस्तांबुल याँ इस्ताम्बुल (अंगरेजी: Istanbul; तुर्की: İstanbul [isˈtanbuɫ]) तुर्की देस के सभसे बड़हन शहर बा। एकर सभसे बड़ा बिसेसता ई बा की ई यूरोपएशिया दुनों महादीपन पर बिस्तार लिहले बाटे। एकर आर्थिक क्रिया वाला अधिकतर क्षेत्र यूरोप वाला हिस्सा में बाटे आ जनसंख्या के ढेर मात्रा एशिया वाला हिस्सा में रहे ले।[7]एकर जनसंख्या 144 लाख बा आ ई यूरोप के सभसे बड़ा शहर हवे आ पूरा दुनिया में ई पांचवा नंबर पर बाटे।[4] शहर के कुल क्षेत्रफल 5,343 वर्ग किलोमीटर (2,063 वर्ग मील)[नोट 2] बाटे आ ई बास्पोरस जलडमरू की दुनों ओर स्थित बाटे।

नोट[संपादन करीं]

  1. Where governor's office is located.
  2. Sources have provided conflicting figures on the area of Istanbul. The most authoritative source on this figure ought to be the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (MMI), but the English version of its website suggests a few figures for this area. One page states that "Each MM is sub-divided into District Municipalities ("DM") of which there are 27 in Istanbul" [emphasis added] with a total area of 1,538.9 वर्ग किलोमीटर (594.2 वर्ग मील).[8] However, the Municipal History page appears to be the most explicit and most updated, saying that in 2004, "Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality's jurisdiction was enlarged to cover all the area within the provincial limits". It also states a 2008 law merged the Eminönü district into the Fatih district (a point that is not reflected in the previous source) and increased the number of districts in Istanbul to 39.[9] That total area, as corroborated on the Turkish version of the MMI website,[10] and a recently updated Jurisdiction page on the English site[11] is 5,343 वर्ग किलोमीटर (2,063 वर्ग मील).

संदर्भ[संपादन करीं]

  1. "YETKİ ALANI". Istanbul Buyuksehir Belediyesi. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  2. İstanbul Province = 5,460.85 km2
    Land area = 5,343.22 km2
    Lake/Dam = 117.63 km2
    Europe (25 districts) = 3,474.35 km2
    Asia (14 districts) = 1,868.87 km2
    Urban (36 districts) = 2,576.85 km2 [Metro (39 districts) – (Çatalca+Silivri+Şile)]
    * According to the size of the population and the status of megacity, the limits of the Istanbul city correspond to the limits of the province, and the province is treated like as the metropolitan-city of Istanbul.
  3. "İstanbul'un En Yüksek Tepeleri". Hava Forumu. Hava Durumu Forumu. 15 April 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2022". तुर्कीये सांख्यिकी संस्थान. 31 दिसम्बर 2022. Retrieved 13 मई 2023. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |date= (help)
  5. "Kişi başına GSYH ($) (2021)". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  6. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org.
  7. WCTR Society; Unʼyu Seisaku Kenkyū Kikō 2004, p. 281
  8. "Districts". Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 21 दिसंबर 2011.
  9. "History of Local Governance in Istanbul". Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 21 दिसंबर 2011.
  10. "İstanbul İl ve İlçe Alan Bilgileri" [Istanbul Province and District Area Information] (Turkish में). Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
  11. "Jurisdiction". Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Retrieved 21 दिसंबर 2011.

संदर्भ ग्रंथ[संपादन करीं]