इस्तांबुल

भोजपुरी विकिपीडिया से
इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Istanbul
İstanbul
Metropolitan municipality
Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality
İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyesi
See caption
Clockwise from top: View of Golden Horn between Galata and Seraglio Point including the historic areas; Maiden's Tower; a nostalgic tram on İstiklal Avenue; Levent business district with Dolmabahçe Palace; Ortaköy Mosque in front of the Bosphorus Bridge; and Hagia Sophia.
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Coordinates: ४१°००′४९″ उत्तर २८°५७′१८″ पूरब / 41.01361°उत्तर 28.95500°पूरब / ४१.०१३६१; २८.९५५००
Country Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Istanbul
Settled by Thracians in the late 6th millennium BC
 - Lygos c. 1000 BC
 - Byzantium c. 660 BC
 - Constantinople 330 AD
 - Istanbul 1930 (officially)[नोट १]
Districts 39
सरकार
 • Mayor Kadir Topbaş (AKP)
रकबा (क्षेत्रफल)
 • जमीन ५,१९६ km (२,००६ sq mi)
 • जलक्षेत्र १४७ km (५७ sq mi)
 • मेट्रो[नोट २] ५,३४३ km (२,०६३ sq mi)
जनसंख्या (December 31, 2014)[२]
 • Metropolitan municipality १४,३७७,०१९
 • रैंक 1st in Turkey
5th in the world
 • जनघनत्व २,७६७/km (७,१७०/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Istanbulite(s)
(Turkish: İstanbullu(lar))
टाइम जोन EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 34000 to 34850
एरिया कोड(सभ) 0212 (European side)
0216 (Asian side)
गाड़ी रजिस्ट्रेशन 34
वेबसाइट Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality

इस्तांबुल याँ इस्ताम्बुल (अंग्रेजी: Istanbul /ˌɪstnˈbul/;[३][४] तुर्की: İstanbul [isˈtanbuɫ]) तुर्की देस के राजधानी आ सभसे बड़हन शहर बा। एकर सभसे बड़ा बिसेसता ई बा की ई यूरोप आ एशिया दुनों महादीप पर बिस्तार लिहले बाटे। एकर आर्थिक क्रिया वाला क्षेत्र यूरोप वाला हिस्सा में बाटे आ जनसंख्या के ढेर मात्रा एशिया वाला हिस्सा में रहे ले।[५]एकर जनसंख्या १४४ लाख बा आ ई यूरोप के सभसे बड़ा शहर हवे आ पूरा दुनिया में ई पांचवा नंबर पर बाटे।[२][६] शहर के कुल क्षेत्रफल 5,343 square kilometers (2,063 sq mi)[नोट २] बाटे आ ई बस्पोरस जलडमरू की दुनों ओर स्थित बाटे।

नोट[संपादन]

  1. The name of the city was officially changed to its present name of Istanbul in 1930, but the name has been in use since even before the 1453 Ottoman conquest.[१]
  2. २.० २.१ Sources have provided conflicting figures on the area of Istanbul. The most authoritative source on this figure ought to be the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality (MMI), but the English version of its website suggests a few figures for this area. One page states that "Each MM is sub-divided into District Municipalities ("DM") of which there are 27 in Istanbul" [emphasis added] with a total area of 1,538.9 square kilometers (594.2 sq mi).[७] However, the Municipal History page appears to be the most explicit and most updated, saying that in 2004, "Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality's jurisdiction was enlarged to cover all the area within the provincial limits". It also states a 2008 law merged the Eminönü district into the Fatih district (a point that is not reflected in the previous source) and increased the number of districts in Istanbul to 39.[८] That total area, as corroborated on the Turkish version of the MMI website,[९] and a recently updated Jurisdiction page on the English site[१०] is 5,343 square kilometers (2,063 sq mi).

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Room 2006, pp. 177
  2. २.० २.१ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2014" (अंग्रेज़ी मे); Turkish Statistical Institute; 31 December 2014; पहुँचतिथी 29 January 2015. 
  3. Wells, John C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd संस्करण), Longman, ISBN 9781405881180 
  4. Roach, Peter (2011), Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th संस्करण), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521152532 
  5. WCTR Society; Unʼyu Seisaku Kenkyū Kikō 2004, p. 281
  6. Mossberger, Clarke & John 2012, p. 145
  7. "Districts"; Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality; पहुँचतिथी 21 December 2011. 
  8. "History of Local Governance in Istanbul"; Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality; पहुँचतिथी 21 December 2011. 
  9. "İstanbul İl ve İlçe Alan Bilgileri" [Istanbul Province and District Area Information] (Turkish मे); Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality; पहुँचतिथी 20 June 2010. 
  10. "Jurisdiction"; Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality; पहुँचतिथी 21 December 2011. 

संदर्भ ग्रंथ[संपादन]