आयरलैंड रिपब्लिक

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Ireland[a]
Éire  (आयरिश)
झंडा Coat of arms
राष्ट्रगान: "Amhrán na bhFiann"
"The Soldiers' Song"
Location of  Ireland  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Ireland  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

राजधानी
and largest city
Dublin
Official languages
National language Irish[1]
नृजातीय समूह (2011[2])
  • 84.5% White Irish
  • 9.1% Other White
  • 1.6% Not stated
  • 1.5% Other Asian / Asian Irish
  • 1.3% Other
  • 1.4% Black Irish / Black African
  • 0.7% Irish Traveller
  • 0.4% Chinese
  • 0.1% Other Black
लोग के नाँव Irish
सरकार Unitary parliamentary republic
 •  President Michael D. Higgins
 •  Taoiseach Enda Kenny
 •  Tánaiste Frances Fitzgerald
बिधायी संस्था Oireachtas
 •  ऊपरी सदन Seanad
 •  निचला सदन Dáil
Independence from the United Kingdom
 •  Proclamation 24 अप्रैल 1916 
 •  Declaration 21 जनवरी 1919 
 •  Anglo-Irish Treaty 6 December 1921 
 •  1922 constitution 6 December 1922 
 •  1937 constitution 29 December 1937 
 •  Republic Act 18 अप्रैल 1949 
 •  Joined the EEC 1 जनवरी 1973 
Area
 •  कुल 70,273 किमी2 (120th)
27,133 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 2.00
जनसंख्या
 •  2016 जनगणना 4,757,976[3] (120th)
 •  घनत्व 67.7/कि॰मी॰ (142nd)
175.4/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2016 अनुमान
 •  Total $324 billion[4] (56th)
 •  Per capita $69,375[4] (11th)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2016 estimate
 •  Total $308 billion[4] (42nd)
 •  Per capita $65,871[4] (14th)
गिनी (2014) Negative increase 30.0[5]
medium · 23rd
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2015) Increase 0.916[6]
very high · 6th
करेंसी Euro ()[note 1] (EUR)
टाइम जोन GMT/WET (UTC​)
 •  Summer (DST) IST/WEST (UTC+1)
तारीख रूप dd/mm/yyyy
ड्राइविंग left
कालिंग कोड +353
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰ .ie[b]
a. ^ Article 4 of the Constitution of Ireland declares that the name of the state is Ireland; Section 2 of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 declares that Republic of Ireland is "the description of the State".[7]
b. ^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

आयरलैंड गणराज्य (अंगरेजी: Republic of Ireland) यूरोप में एगो देस बाटे। एकर राजधानी डब्लिन हवे।

नोट[संपादन]

  1. Prior to 2002, Ireland used the punt (Irish pound) as its circulated currency. The euro was introduced as an accounting currency in 1999.

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Official Languages Act 2003"; Office of the Attorney-General; पहुँचतिथी 18 फरवरी 2012. 
  2. "CSO 2011 Census – Volume 5 – Ethnic or Cultural Background (including the Irish Traveller Community)" (PDF); 2011; पहुँचतिथी 9 July 2009. 
  3. "Census of Population 2016"; 14 July 2016. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Ireland"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी 17 October 2016. 
  5. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)"; Eurostat Data Explorer; पहुँचतिथी 4 December 2015. 
  6. "2015 Human Development Report"; United Nations Development Programme; 2015; पहुँचतिथी 14 December 2015. 
  7. John Coakley (20 August 2009); Politics in the Republic of Ireland; Taylor & Francis; p. 76; ISBN 978-0-415-47672-0; पहुँचतिथी 2 मई 2011.