रूसी साम्राज्य

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Russian Empire
Pre-reformed Russian Россійская Имперія
Russian Российская Империя
transliteration Rossiyskaya Imperiya

1721–1917
Flag Lesser coat of arms
Motto
"S' nami Bog!"
Съ нами Богъ!

"God is with us!"
Anthem
Bozhe, Tsarya khrani!
Боже, Царя храни!

"God Save the Tsar!"
Russian Empire at its peak:
  Territory[a]
  Protectorates and sphere of influence
Capital St. Petersburg
(1721–28; 1730–1917)
Moscow
(1728–30)
Languages Russian
Religion Russian Orthodox
Government Absolute monarchy
(1721–1906)
Constitutional monarchy
(1906–17; only de jure)[1]
Emperor
 •  1721–1725 (first) Peter I
 •  1894–1917 (last) Nicholas II
 •  1905–1906 (first) Sergei Witte
 •  1917 (last) Nikolai Golitsyn
Legislature Emperor along with the legislative assembly[2]
 •  Upper house State Council
 •  Lower house State Duma
History
 •  Empire proclaimed
by Peter I
22 Oct [O.S. 11 Oct] 1721
 •  Decembrist revolt
took place
26 Dec [O.S. 14 Dec] 1825
 •  Emancipation reform
proclaimed
3 Mar [O.S. 19 Feb] 1861
 •  1905 Revolution
took place
Jan–Dec 1905
 •  Constitution
adopted
6 May [O.S. 23 Apr] 1906
 •  February Revolution
took place
Feb–Mar 1917
 •  Republic proclaimed
by the Provisional Government
14 Sep [O.S. 1 Sep] 1917
Area
 •  1866[3][4] 23,700,000 km² (9,150,621 sq mi)
Population
 •  1897 est. 125,640,021 
Currency Ruble
Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

रूसी साम्राज्य 1721 से ले के रूस के गणतंत्र घोषित होखे तक ले अस्तित्व में रहल। दुनिया के इतिहास में अबतक ले भइल सगरी बड़हन साम्राज्य सभ में एकरा ले बड़ साम्राज्य खाली दू गो भइल बाने ब्रिटिश साम्राज्यमंगोल साम्राज्य। एकरे बाद रूसी गणराज्य कुछ दिन ले रहल आ बाद में एही के राज्यक्षेत्र पर सोवियत यूनियन स्थापित भइल।

एकर बिस्तार तीन गो महादीप सभ पर रहल आ 1812–1814 में नेपोलियन के बिस्व बिजय के अभियान के रोके में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका रहल।

  1. The State Duma was more used just for show to lower dissent in the nation as only nobility voted in favor of the Tsar; the Duma was dissolved in 1906-1907 More info
  2. "The Sovereign Emperor exercises legislative power in conjunction with the State Council and State Duma". Fundamental laws, art. 7
  3. Rein Taagepera (September 1997); "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia"; International Studies Quarterly 41 (3): 498; doi:10.1111/0020-8833.00053; पहुँचतिथी 11 September 2016. 
  4. Turchin, Peter; Adams, Jonathan M.; Hall, Thomas D (December 2006); "East-West Orientation of Historical Empires"; Journal of world-systems research 12 (2): 223; ISSN 1076-156X; पहुँचतिथी 11 September 2016.