पहिला बिस्व जुद्ध

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World War I
WWImontage.jpg
Clockwise from the top: The aftermath of shelling during the Battle of the Somme, Mark V tanks cross the Hindenburg Line, HMS Irresistible sinks after hitting a mine in the Dardanelles, a British Vickers machine gun crew wears gas masks during the Battle of the Somme, Albatros D.III fighters of Jagdstaffel 11
Date28 जुलाई 1914 – 11 नवंबर 1918 (1914-07-28 – 1918-11-11)
(4 साल, 3 महीना, 2 हप्ता)
LocationEurope, Africa, the Middle East, the Pacific Islands, China, Indian Ocean, and off the coast of South and North America
Result

Allied Powers victory

Territorial
changes
  • Formation of new countries in Europe and the Middle East
  • Transfer of German colonies and regions of the former Ottoman Empire to other powers
  • Belligerents
    Allied Powers:
    Central Powers:
    Commanders and leaders
    Allied Powers leaders: Central Powers leaders:
    Strength
    • Russian Empire 12,000,000
    • ब्रिटिश राज 8,841,541[1][2]
    • French Third Republic 8,660,000[3]
    • Kingdom of Italy 5,615,140
    • यूनाइटेड स्टेट्स 4,743,826
    • Kingdom of Romania 1,234,000
    • Empire of Japan 800,000
    • Kingdom of Serbia 707,343
    • बेल्जियम 380,000
    • Kingdom of Greece 250,000
    • First Portuguese Republic 80,000
    • Kingdom of Montenegro 50,000
    Total: 42,959,850[4]
    • जर्मन साम्राज्य 13,250,000
    • Austria-Hungary 7,800,000
    • Ottoman Empire 2,998,321
    • Kingdom of Bulgaria 1,200,000
    Total: 25,248,321[4]
    Casualties and losses
    • Military dead: 5,525,000
    • Military wounded: 12,831,500
    • Total: 18,356,500 KIA, WIA and MIA
    • Civilian dead: 4,000,000

    ...further details.


    French Third Republic 1,397,800 killed[5]
    ब्रिटिश राज 1,114,914 killed[5]
    Kingdom of Italy 651,000 killed[5]
    Russian Empire 1,811,000 killed[5]
    Kingdom of Romania 250,000[5]-335,000 killed[6]
    Empire of Japan 415 killed[5]
    Kingdom of Serbia 275,000 killed[5]
    बेल्जियम 58,637[5]-87,500 killed[6]
    यूनाइटेड स्टेट्स 116,708 killed[5]
    Kingdom of Greece 26,000 killed[5]
    First Portuguese Republic 7,222 killed[5]

    Kingdom of Montenegro 3,000 killed[5]
    • Military dead: 4,386,000
    • Military wounded: 8,388,000
    • Total: 12,774,000 KIA, WIA and MIA
    • Civilian dead: 3,700,000

    ...further details.


    जर्मन साम्राज्य 2,050,897 killed[5]
    Austria-Hungary 1,200,000 killed[6]
    Ottoman Empire 771,844 killed[5]
    Kingdom of Bulgaria 87,500 killed[5]

    पहिला बिस्व जुद्ध (World War I) 28 जुलाई 1914 से 11 नवंबर 1918 ले चलल रहे। ई जुद्ध आज तक के सभसे बड़ जुद्धन मे ले एगो बाटे।

    नोट[संपादन]

    1. The United States did not ratify any of the treaties agreed to at the Paris Peace Conference.
    2. Bulgaria joined the Central Powers on 14 October 1915.
    3. The Ottoman Empire agreed to a secret alliance with Germany on 2 August 1914. It joined the war on the side of the Central Powers on 29 October 1914.
    4. The United States declared war on Austria-Hungary on 7 December 1917.
    5. Austria was considered one of the successor states to Austria-Hungary.
    6. The United States declared war on Germany on 6 April 1917.
    7. Hungary was considered one of the successor states to Austria-Hungary.
    8. Although the Treaty of Sèvres was intended to end the war between the Allied Powers and the Ottoman Empire, the Allied Powers and the Republic of Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, agreed to the Treaty of Lausanne.

    संदर्भ[संपादन]

    1. "British Army statistics of the Great War". 1914-1918.net. पहुँचतिथी 13 December 2011.
    2. Figures are for the British Empire
    3. Figures are for Metropolitan France and its colonies
    4. 4.0 4.1 Tucker & Roberts 2005, p. 273
    5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 [1]
    6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Nash (1976). Darkest Hours. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781590775264.