अर्जेन्टीना

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Argentine Republic[upper-alpha 1]
República Argentina  (Spanish)
झंडा Coat of arms
मोटो: 
राष्ट्रगान: 
Sol de Mayo[2]
(Sun of May)

Sol de Mayo
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green
Mainland Argentina shown in dark green
राजधानी
and largest city
Buenos Aires
34°36′S 58°23′W / 34.600°S 58.383°W / -34.600; -58.383
ऑफिशियल भाषा Spanish[a]
नृजातीय समूह
लोग के नाँव
सरकार Federal presidential constitutional republic
 •  President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
 •  Vice President Amado Boudou
 •  Supreme Court President Ricardo Lorenzetti
बिधायी संस्था Congress
 •  ऊपरी सदन Senate
 •  निचला सदन Chamber of Deputies
Independence from Spain
 •  May Revolution 25 मई 1810 
 •  Declared 9 July 1816 
 •  Constitution 1 मई 1853 
 •  Recognized 29 अप्रैल 1857 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 2,780,400 किमी2[upper-alpha 2] (8th)
1,073,518 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 1.57
जनसंख्या
 •  2014 अनुमान 42,669,500[4]
 •  2010 जनगणना 40,117,096[3] (32nd)
 •  घनत्व 14.4/कि॰मी॰[3] (212th)
37.3/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2015 अनुमान
 •  Total $953.029 billion[5] (25th)
 •  Per capita $22,459[5] (57th)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2015 estimate
 •  Total $563.138 billion[5] (21st)
 •  Per capita $13,271[5] (54th)
गिनी (2011)  43.6[6]
medium
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2013) Increase 0.808[7]
very high · 49th
करेंसी Peso ($) (ARS)
टाइम जोन ART (UTC−3)
तारीख रूप dd.mm.yyyy (CE)
ड्राइविंग right[b]
कालिंग कोड +54
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰ .ar
a. ^ De facto at all government levels.[upper-alpha 3] In addition, some provinces have official de jure languages:
 · Guaraní in Corrientes Province.[8]
 · Kom, Moqoit and Wichi, in Chaco Province.[9]
b. ^ Trains ride on left.

अर्जेन्टीना दक्खिन अमेरिका महादीप में एगो देस बाटे।

नोट[संपादन]

  1. Article 35 of the Argentine Constitution gives equal recognition to the names "United Provinces of the River Plate", "Argentine Republic" and "Argentine Confederation" and authorizes the use of "Argentine Nation" in the making and enactment of laws.[1]
  2. Area does not include territorial claims in Antarctica (965,597 km2, including the South Orkney Islands), the Falkland Islands (11,410 km2), the South Georgia (3,560 km2) and the South Sandwich Islands (307 km2).[3]
  3. Though not declared official de jure, the Spanish language is the only one used in the wording of laws, decrees, resolutions, official documents and public acts.

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Constitution of Argentina, art. 35.
  2. Crow 1992, p. 457: "In the meantime, while the crowd assembled in the plaza continued to shout its demands at the cabildo, the sun suddenly broke through the overhanging clouds and clothed the scene in brilliant light. The people looked upward with one accord and took it as a favorable omen for their cause. This was the origin of the ″sun of May″ which has appeared in the center of the Argentine flag and on the Argentine coat of arms ever since."; Kopka 2011, p. 5: "The sun's features are those of Inti, the Incan sun god. The sun commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on मई 25, 1810, during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence."
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Población por sexo e índice de masculinidad. Superficie censada y densidad, según provincia. Total del país. Año 2010" (XLS); Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2010 (Spanish मे); Buenos Aires: INDEC – Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos; 2010; ओरिजिनल से पुरालेखित 8 June 2014 के. 
  4. "Cuadro 1. Población estimada al 1 de julio de cada año calendario por sexo. Total del país. Años 2010–2040" (XLS); Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2010 (Spanish मे); Buenos Aires: INDEC – Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos; 2010; ओरिजिनल से पुरालेखित 8 June 2014 के. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Argentina"; World Economic Outlook Database; International Monetary Fund; अप्रैल 2015; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  6. "GINI index (World Bank estimate)"; World Bank; पहुँचतिथी 5 जुलाई 2015. 
  7. "Human Development Report 2014 – Summary" (PDF); New York, NY, USA: United Nations Development Programme; 2014; pp. 15, 16; ओरिजिनल से पुरालेखित 27 July 2014 के. 
  8. Ley No. 5598 de la Provincia de Corrientes, 22 de octubre de 2004
  9. Ley No. 6604 de la Provincia de Chaco, 28 de julio de 2010, B.O., (9092)