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LIBRIS (Library Information System) is a Swedish national union catalogue maintained by the National Library of Sweden in Stockholm.[1] It is possible to freely search about 6.5 million titles nationwide.[2]

In addition to bibliographic records, one for each book or publication, LIBRIS also contains an authority file of people. For each person there is a record connecting name, birth and occupation with a unique identifier.[प्रमाण देईं]

The MARC Code for the Swedish Union Catalog is SE-LIBR, normalized: selibr.[3]

The development of LIBRIS can be traced to the mid-1960s.[4] While rationalization of libraries had been an issue for two decades after World War II, it was in 1965 that a government committee published a report on the use of computers in research libraries.[5] The government budget of 1965 created a research library council (Forskningsbiblioteksrådet, FBR).[6] A preliminary design document, Biblioteksadministrativt Information System (BAIS) was published in मई 1970, and the name LIBRIS, short for Library Information System, was used for a technical subcommittee that started on 1 July 1970.[7] The newsletter LIBRIS-meddelanden (ISSN 0348-1891) has been published since 1972[8] and is online since 1997.[9]


  1. "LIBRIS"; Nationalencyklopedin (Swedish मे); पहुँचतिथी 27 July 2010.  (subscription required)
  2. "LIBRIS database contents"; National Library of Sweden; पहुँचतिथी 27 July 2010. 
  3. Library of Congress Network Development and MARC Standards Office (5 अप्रैल 2011); "Search the MARC Code List for Organizations Database"; Library of Congress; पहुँचतिथी 22 August 2012. 
  4. Lena Olsson, Det datoriserade biblioteket. Maskindrömmar på 70-talet (1995), PhD dissertation from Linköping University, Linköping Studies in Arts and Science 121, ISSN 0282-9800, ISBN 91-7871-492-3, Abstract online
  5. Databehandling i forskningsbibliotek (1965; in LIBRIS), cited in Olsson (1995), p. 51.
  6. Olsson (1995), p. 55.
  7. Olsson (1995), p. 103.
  8. Olsson (1995), p. 31.
  9. LIBRIS-meddelanden

बाहरी कड़ी[संपादन]

  • National Library of Sweden: LIBRIS (select "In English" from the top menu, default language is Swedish)
  • Open Data, Information about LIBRIS bibliographic records and authority file as open data, 3 अप्रैल 2012.