साउथ आइलैंड

विकिपीडिया से
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
साउथ आइलैंड
ते वाइपोनामू
Nickname: दी मेनलैंड
मुख्यभूमि
Turbid Waters Surround New Zealand - crop.jpg
साउथ आइलैंड के सैटेलाइट से लिहल फोटो
Geography
Location ओशेनिया
Coordinates 43°59′S 170°27′E / 43.983°S 170.450°E / -43.983; 170.450निर्देशांक: 43°59′S 170°27′E / 43.983°S 170.450°E / -43.983; 170.450
Archipelago न्यूजीलैंड
Area 150,437 किमी2 (58,084 वर्ग मील)
Area rank 12th
Length 840 km (522 mi)
Coastline 5,842 km (3,630.1 mi)
Highest elevation 3,754 m (12,316 ft)
Highest point औराकी/माउंट कुक
Administration
न्यूजीलैंड
ISO 3166-2:NZ NZ-S
Regions 7
Territorial authorities 23
Largest settlement क्राइस्टचर्च (pop. 389,700)
Demographics
Population 1,096,200 (June 2016)
Pop. density 7.2 /km2 (18.6 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups यूरोपियन, माओरी

The South Island or Te Waipounamu is the larger of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the smaller but more populous North Island. It is bordered to the north by Cook Strait, to the west by the Tasman Sea, and to the south and east by the Pacific Ocean. The South Island covers 150,437 वर्ग किलोमीटर (1.61929×1012 वर्ग फु)[1] and is influenced by a temperate climate.

As it has a 32% larger landmass than the North Island, it is sometimes referred to as the "mainland" of New Zealand, especially by South Island residents; however, only 23% of New Zealand's 4.7 million inhabitants live in the South Island. In the early stages of European (Pākehā) settlement of the country, the South Island had the majority of the European population and wealth due to the 1860s gold rushes. The North Island population overtook the South in the early 20th century, with 56% of the population living in the North in 1911, and the drift north of people and businesses continued throughout the century.[2]

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. "Quick Facts - Land and Environment : Geography - Physical Features"; Statistics New Zealand; 2000; पहुँचतिथी 13 August 2012. 
  2. King, Michael (2003); The Penguin History of New Zealand; Auckland: Penguin Books; pp. 280–281; ISBN 978-0-14-301867-4. 

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