जैश-ए-मोहम्मद

विकिपीडिया से
Jump to navigation Jump to search
जैश-ए-मोहम्मद
جيش محمد
Leaders मसूद अज़हर
Dates of operation 2000–अबतक
Ideology इस्लामी रूढ़ीवाद
Headquarters बहावलपुर, पंजाब, पाकिस्तान
Designated as a terrorist group by
Australia, Canada, India, Russia, the UAE, the UK, the US, the UN and the BRICS

जैश-ए-मोहम्मद (शाब्दिक अरथ: मोहम्मद के सेना) एगो पाकिस्तान स्थित[1] आतंकवादी समूह बा। ई देवबंदी[2] जेहादी[2][3] आतंकवादी समूह हवे जेकर प्रमुख मकसद जम्मू काश्मीर के भारत से अलग कइल आ पाकिस्तान में शामिल कइल हवे। एकर सुरुआत 2000 में भइल आ तब से ई जम्मू-काश्मीर में कई गो हमला के अंजाम दे चुकल बा।

फुटनोट[संपादन]

  1. Cronin et al., Foreign Terrorist Organizations (2004), p. 40: "The JEM is a Pakistan-based, militant Islamic group founded by Maulana Masood Azhar in March 2000."
  2. 2.0 2.1 Moj, Deoband Madrassah Movement (2015), p. 98: "Deobandis like Masood Azhar, a graduate of Jamia Binouria who later set up a jihadist outfit named Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM) in 2000, reportedly at the behest of Pakistan's military establishment."
  3. Jaffrelot, The Pakistan Paradox (2015), p. 520: "as soon as he was freed, Masood Azhar was back in Pakistan where he founded a new jihadist movement, Jaish-e-Mohammed, which became one of the jihadist groups the ISI used in Kashmir and elsewhere."

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  • Cronin, Audrey Kurth; Aden, Huda; Frost, Adam; Jones, Benjamin (6 February 2004), "Foreign Terrorist Organizations" (PDF), CRS Report for Congress, Washington, D.C.: Congressional Research Service: 40–43, पहुँचतिथी 2 December 2012
  • Jaffrelot, Christophe (2015), The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-023518-5
  • Moj, Muhammad (2015), The Deoband Madrassah Movement: Countercultural Trends and Tendencies, Anthem Press, ISBN 978-1-78308-389-3