नीदरलैंड

विकिपीडिया से
(नीदरलैंड्स से अनुप्रेषित)
सीधे इहाँ जाईं: नेविगेशन, खोजीं
Netherlands
Nederland  (डच)
झंडा Coat of arms
मोटो: "Je maintiendrai" (French)
"Ik zal handhaven" (डच)
"I will uphold"[[#endnote_aaa{{{3}}}|[a]]]
राष्ट्रगान: "Wilhelmus" (डच)
"'William"
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
राजधानी
and largest city
Amsterdam[[#endnote_bbb{{{3}}}|[b]]]
52°22′N 4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E / 52.367; 4.883
ऑफिशियल भाषा
  •  • National
  •  • Regional
Recognised
regional languages
Limburgish,
Dutch Low Saxon[[#endnote_ccc{{{3}}}|[c]]]
नृजातीय समूह (2015[1])
लोग के नाँव Dutch
Sovereign state  Kingdom of the Netherlands
सरकार Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 •  Monarch Willem-Alexander
 •  Prime Minister Mark Rutte
बिधायी संस्था States General
 •  ऊपरी सदन Senate
 •  निचला सदन House of Representatives
Independence from Spanish Empire
 •  Proclaimed 26 July 1581 
 •  Recognised 30 जनवरी 1648 
 •  Kingdom established 16 मार्च 1815 
 •  Constituent country 15 December 1954 
क्षेत्रफल
 •  कुल 41,543 किमी2 (134th)
16,033 वर्ग मील
 •  जल (%) 18.41
जनसंख्या
 •  2016 अनुमान 17,000,059[2] (65th)
 •  घनत्व एक्सप्रेशन खराबी: नामालूम चीन्हा "["।/कि॰मी॰ (30th)
एक्सप्रेशन खराबी: नामालूम चीन्हा "["।/वर्ग मील
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (पी॰पी॰पी॰) 2016 अनुमान
 •  Total $856.265 billion[3] (27th)
 •  Per capita $50,339 (15th)
जी॰डी॰पी॰ (नॉमिनल) 2016 estimate
 •  Total $762.521 billion[3] (17th)
 •  Per capita $44,828 (15th)
गिनी (2014) Negative increase 26.2[4]
low · 9th
ऍच॰डी॰आइ॰ (2014) Increase 0.922[5]
very high · 5th
करेंसी
टाइम जोन CET (UTC+1)[[#endnote_eee{{{3}}}|[e]]]
AST (UTC-4)
 •  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
AST (UTC-4)
तारीख रूप dd-mm-yyyy
ड्राइविंग right
कालिंग कोड
  • +31
  • +599[[#endnote_fff{{{3}}}|[f]]]
ISO 3166 code NL
इंटरनेट टी॰ऍल॰डी॰ .nl, .bq[[#endnote_ggg{{{3}}}|[g]]]
a. ^ The official motto is in French. The literal translation into English is "I will maintain"; a better translation, however, is "I will hold firm" or "I will uphold" (namely, the integrity and independence of the territory).[मूल रिसर्च?]
b. ^ While Amsterdam is the constitutional capital, The Hague is the seat of the government.
c. ^ West Frisian (Friesland),[6] Papiamento (Bonaire)[7] and English (Sint Eustatius and Saba)[7] have a formal status in certain parts of the country. Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised as regional languages by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
d. ^ The euro is used in the European Netherlands and replaced the Dutch guilder in 2002. The US dollar is used in the Caribbean Netherlands and replaced the Netherlands Antillean guilder in 2011.[8]
e. ^ CET and CEST are used in the European Netherlands, and AST is used in the Caribbean Netherlands.
f. ^ 599 was the country code designated for the now dissolved Netherlands Antilles. The Caribbean Netherlands still use 599–7 (Bonaire), 599–3 (Sint Eustatius) and 599–4 (Saba).
g. ^ .nl is the common internet top level domain name for the Netherlands. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. .bq is designated, but not in use, for the Caribbean Netherlands.

नीदरलैंड यूरोप के एगो देस हवे। एकर राजधानी एम्स्टर्डम हवे।

नोट[संपादन]

संदर्भ[संपादन]

  1. Official CBS website containing all Dutch demographic statistics. Cbs.nl. Retrieved on 30 October 2014.
  2. "Population counter"; Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek; 2016; पहुँचतिथी 21 मार्च 2016. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Netherlands"; International Monetary Fund; पहुँचतिथी अप्रैल 2016.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  4. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)"; Eurostat Data Explorer; पहुँचतिथी 4 December 2015. 
  5. "2015 Human Development Report"; United Nations Development Programme; 2015; पहुँचतिथी 14 December 2015. 
  6. "Wet gebruik Friese taal in het rechtsverkeer" (Dutch मे); wetten.nl; पहुँचतिथी 25 October 2010. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Invoeringswet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba" (Dutch मे); wetten.nl; पहुँचतिथी 1 जनवरी 2011. 
  8. "Wet geldstelsel BES"; Dutch government; 30 September 2010; पहुँचतिथी 11 जनवरी 2014.